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Østfold is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden (Västra Götaland County and Värmland), while Vestfold is on the other side of the bay. The county administration is in Sarpsborg.

Østfold fylke
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Ostfold_vapen.png


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Østfold_kart.png


County NO-01
Region Østlandet
Administrative centre Sarpsborg
County mayor Atle Haga
Area
 - Total
 - Percentage
Ranked 17
4,182 km²
1.28 %
Population
 - Total (2004)
 - Percentage
 - Change (10 years)
 - Density
Ranked 6
256,668
5.61 %
7.5 %
66/km²
Gross Regional Product
 - Total (2001)
 - Percentage
 - GRP/capita
Ranked 8
50,399 million NOK
3.30 %
200,084 NOK

Østfold is located between the Oslo Fjord and Sweden. It is a hilly landscape with a lot of woodland. The towns Askim, Fredrikstad, Moss, Mysen, Halden, and Sarpsborg are located here, making Østfold the county of Norway with most towns. The rivers Glomma and Tistedalselva run through the district.

Østfold is among the nation's oldest inhabited regions, with rock drawings and mounds throughout the area. Many manufacturing communities are situated here. Moss and Fredrikstad have shipyards. Granite mines are situated in Østfold, granite stone from these was used by Gustav Vigeland.

The county slogan: "The heartland of Scandinavia"

History

In the Viking Age, the area was part of Vingulmark, again part of Viken, and was partly under Swedish rule until the time of Harald Fairhair.

Later, when Norway was under Danish rule, the Danish king divided the area into many baronies, and the name Smålenene came into use. This is reflected to this day, in that contrary to many other landscapes of Norway, Østfold is culturally not a unity, but instead a mosaic of areas around the various cities and towns.

Municipalities

Template:Counties of Norwayda:Østfold de:Østfold na:Østfold eo:Østfold fr:Comté d'Østfold na:Østfold no:Østfold nn:Østfold fylke pt:Østfold ro:Østfold se:Østfold sv:Østfold fylke

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