1924 Democratic National Convention

From Academic Kids

The 1924 Democratic National Convention, held at the Madison Square Garden in New York City from June 24 to July 9, took a record 103 ballots to nominate a presidential candidate. It was the longest continuously running convention in United States political history.

Contents

Results

President

William G. McAdoo
William G. McAdoo

The first day of balloting (June 30) brought the predicted deadlock between the leading aspirants for the nomination, William G. McAdoo of California and Gov. Alfred E. Smith of New York, with the remainder divided mainly between local "favorite sons". McAdoo was the leader from the outset, and both he and Smith made small gains in the day's fifteen ballots, but the prevailing belief among the delegates was that the impasse could only be broken by the elimination of both McAdoo and Smith and the selection of one of the other contenders; much interest centred about the candidacy of John W. Davis, who also increased his vote during the day from 31 to 61 (with a peak of 64.5 votes on the 13th and 14th ballots). Most of the favorite son delegations refused to be stampeded to either of the leading candidates and were in no hurry to retire from the contest.

Missing image
AlSmithWaves.jpg
Alfred E. Smith

In the early balloting many delegations appeared to be jockeying for position, and some of the original votes were purely complimentary and seemed to conceal the real sentiments of the delegates. Louisiana, for example, which was bound by the "unit rule", first complimented its neighbour Arkansas by casting its 20 votes for Sen. Joseph T. Robinson, then it switched to Sen. Carter Glass, and on another ballot Gov. Albert C. Ritchie got the twenty, before the delegation finally settled on John W. Davis.

There was some excitement on the tenth ballot, when Kansas abandoned Gov. Jonathan M. Davis and threw its votes to McAdoo. There was an instant uproar among McAdoo delegates and supporters, and a parade was started around the hall, the Kansas standard leading, with those of all the other McAdoo states coming along behind, and pictures of "McAdoo, Democracy's Hope", being lifted up. After six minutes the chairman's gavel brought order and the roll call resumed, and soon the other side had something to cheer, when New Jersey made its favorite son, Gov. George S. Silzer, walk the plank and threw its votes into the Smith column. This started another parade, the New York and New Jersey standards leading those of the other Smith delegations around the hall while the band played "Tramp, Tramp, Tramp, the Boys are Marching".

First ballot

 1. William G. McAdoo   431.5 votes (39.4%)
 2. Alfred E. Smith     241   votes (22.0%)
 3. James M. Cox         59   votes (5.4%)
 4. Patrick Harrison     43.5 votes (4.0%)
 5. Oscar W. Underwood   42.5 votes (3.9%)
 6. George S. Silzer     38   votes (3.5%)
 7. John W. Davis        31   votes (2.8%)
 8. Samuel M. Ralston    30   votes (2.7%)
    Woodbridge N. Ferris 30   votes (2.7%)
10. Carter Glass         25   votes (2.3%)
11. Albert C. Ritchie    22.5 votes (2.1%)
12. Joseph T. Robinson   21   votes (1.9%)
13. Jonathan M. Davis    20   votes (1.8%)
14. Charles W. Bryan     18   votes (1.6%)
15. Fred H. Brown        17   votes (1.6%)
16. William Sweet        12   votes (1.1%)
17. Willard Saulsbury     7   votes (0.6%)
18. John Kendrick         6   votes (0.5%)
19. Houston Thompson      1   vote  (0.1%)

Fifteenth ballot

 1. William G. McAdoo   479   votes (43.6%)
 2. Alfred E. Smith     305.5 votes (27.8%)
 3. John W. Davis        61   votes (5.6%)
 4. James M. Cox         60   votes (5.5%)
 5. Oscar W. Underwood   39.5 votes (3.6%)
 6. Samuel M. Ralston    31   votes (2.8%)
 7. Carter Glass         25   votes (2.3%)
 8. Patrick Harrison     20.5 votes (1.9%)
    Joseph T. Robinson   20.5 votes (1.9%)
10. Albert C. Ritchie    17.5 votes (1.6%)
11. Jonathan M. Davis    11   votes (1.0%)
    Charles W. Bryan     11   votes (1.0%)
13. Fred H. Brown         9   votes (0.8%)
14. Willard Saulsbury     6   votes (0.5%)
15. Thomas J. Walsh       1   vote  (0.1%)
    Newton D. Baker       1   vote  (0.1%)

One hundredth ballot

 1. Alfred E. Smith     351.5 votes (32.4%)
 2. John W. Davis       203.5 votes (18.7%)
 3. William G. McAdoo   190   votes (17.5%)
 4. Edwin T. Meredith    75.5 votes (7.0%)
 5. Thomas J. Walsh      52.5 votes (4.8%)
 6. Joseph T. Robinson   46   votes (4.2%)
 7. Oscar W. Underwood   41.5 votes (3.8%)
 8. Carter Glass         35   votes (3.2%)
 9. Josephus Daniels     24   votes (2.2%)
10. Robert L. Owen       20   votes (1.8%)
11. Albert C. Ritchie    17.5 votes (1.6%)
12. James W. Gerard      10   votes (0.9%)
13. David F. Houston      9   votes (0.8%)
14. Willard Saulsbury     6   votes (0.6%)
15. Charles W. Bryan      2   votes (0.2%)
16. George L. Berry       1   vote  (0.1%)
    Newton D. Baker       1   vote  (0.1%)

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