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Allium

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Allium
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Alliumvineale1web.jpg
Allium vineale


Wild Garlic (Allium vineale)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Liliopsida
Order:Asparagales
Family:Alliaceae
Subfamily:Allioideae
Tribe:Allieae
Genus:Allium
Species

See List of Allium species

Allium is the onion genus with about 1250 species, mostly classified in its own family Alliaceae. Some botanists used to classify it in the lily family (Liliaceae).

They are perennial bulbous plants. They occur in temperate climates of the northern hemisphere, except for a few species occurring in Chile (as Allium juncifolium), Brazil (Allium sellovianum) or tropical Africa (Allium spathaceum ). They can vary in height between 10 cm and 150 cm. The flowers form an umbel at the top of a leafless stalk. The bulbs can vary between very small to rather big and form little bulbs around the old one.

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Alium.jpg
A decorative Allium

Some species of alliums are bread for their architectural and bright purple flowers to be used as border plants. These include Allium christophii.

Its members include many valued garden herbs such as onions, shallots, garlic, leeks and chives.

The strong "oniony" odor is characteristic of the whole genus but not all members are equally flavorful and some species are troublesome weeds.

Allium species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera including Garden Dart.

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Nodding.jpg
Nodding Wild Onion (Allium cernuum)
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Leeks.JPG
White Wild Onion (Allium textile)


Species

See : List of Allium species

The most important species are  :

Source

GardenWeb's Hortiplex Database 2003-11-16 (http://hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/nph-ind.cgi?name=gw3000017&f=d&gl=2&p=1)


External links

Section Herbal information

  • Allium sativa (Garlic) (http://www.herbmed.org/herbs/herb140.htm) HerbMed
  • Garlic (http://www.healthy.net/library/books/hoffman/materiamedica/garlic.htm) Herbalist David Hoffmann @ Health World
  • Garlic (http://www.mskcc.org/mskcc/html/11571.cfm?RecordID=412&tab=HC) Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre
  • Garlic (http://www.mcp.edu/herbal/garlic/garlic.pdf) (pdf) Longwood Herbal Task Force

Section Eclectic herbal information

Section Homeopathic information

  • Allium cepa (all-cep.) (http://www.homeoint.org/books3/kentmm/all-cep.htm) "Kent's Lectures on Homeopathic Materia Medica" by Dr Robert SÚror
  • Allium cepa (http://www.homeoint.org/books5/allenprimer/all-c.htm) "A Primer of Materia Medica for practitioners of Homœopathy" by Timothy Allenda:L°g (Allium)

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