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Arlington, Massachusetts

From Academic Kids

Arlington is a town in eastern Massachusetts, six miles northwest of Boston, latitude 42 degrees 25 minutes north, longitude 71 degrees 09 minutes west. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 42,389.

Ice Harvesting on Spy Pond, from a 1854 Print.  Arlington MA USA
Ice Harvesting on Spy Pond
Contents

Geography

It is situated in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. It is bordered on the south by the town of Belmont, on the south and east by the city of Cambridge, on the west by the town of Lexington, on the north by the town of Winchester, and on the east by the cities of Medford and Somerville.

Arlington covers 3,517.5 acres (14 km²), or 5.5 square miles, of which 286.2 acres (1.2 km²) are covered by water. There are 210.52 acres (0.9 km²) of parkland.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.3 km² (5.5 mi²). 13.4 km² (5.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.9 km² (0.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 5.99% water.

Name

The Town of Arlington was originally settled by European colonists in 1635 as a village under the name Menotomy, an Algonquian word meaning "fast moving water". Prior to changing the name to Arlington in 1867, the area, including part of what is now Belmont was incorporated in 1807 as West Cambridge. The name "Arlington" was chosen in honor of those buried in Arlington National Cemetery

Missing image
Schwamb1873.jpg
Old Schwamb Mill, 1873. Arlington, MA, USA


Old Schwamb Mill, 1873

The Massachusetts tribe, part of the Algonquian tribe of Native Americans, lived around the Mystic Lakes and Alewife Brook. The leader of the tribe, a woman called Squaw Sachem, sold the land of her tribe to the colonists for ten pounds, with provisions that she could remain on her homestead land around the Mystic Lakes and continue hunting and farming. She also was to be given a new winter coat of wool each year for the rest of her life.

The name of "Menotomy" also referred to the stream now known as Mill Brook, which, historically figured largely into Arlington's economy. Seven mills were built along the stream, including the Schwamb Mill which survives to this day. The Schwamb Mill has been a working mill since 1650, making it the longest working mill in the country.

History

Paul Revere's famous midnight ride to alert colonists took him through what is now known as Arlington. And later on that first day of the American Revolution, more blood was shed in Arlington than in the battles of Lexington and Concord combined. Minutemen from surrounding towns converged on Menotomy to ambush the British on their retreat from Concord and Lexington.

Missing image
JasonRussellHouse.jpg
Jason Russell House, Arlington MA USA


Jason Russell House

The Jason Russell house is today a museum which remembers those twelve Americans who were killed in and around this pictured dwelling on April 19th, 1775.

Demographics

Arlington currently has approximately 42,000 residents. Based on the U.S. censuses, Arlington's population has been declining by an average of 7% per decade since 1970. (1970: 52,720; 2000: 42,389).

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 42,389 people, 19,011 households, and 10,779 families residing in the town. The population density is 3,159.6/km² (8,179.6/mi²). There are 19,411 housing units at an average density of 1,446.8/km² (3,745.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 90.97% White, 1.70% African American, 0.13% Native American, 4.97% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 1.86% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 19,011 households out of which 23.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% are married couples living together, 8.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 43.3% are non-families. 34.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.22 and the average family size is 2.91.

In the town the population is spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 36.0% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 83.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $64,344, and the median income for a family is $78,741. Males have a median income of $52,352 versus $40,445 for females. The per capita income for the town is $34,399. 4.1% of the population and 2.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.0% of those under the age of 18 and 5.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Government

Arlington's executive branch is comprised of an elected five-member Board of Selectmen. The day-to-day operations are handled by a Town Manager hired by the Board of Selectmen. The legislative branch is made up of 252 Town Meeting Members, elected from the 21 precincts.

Missing image
TownHall1924.jpg
Arlington's Town Hall, 1924 postcard


Arlington's Town Hall, 1924

Arlington is part of the 7th Massachusetts Congressional District, the 4th Middlesex State Senatorial District, and the 23rd and 26th Middlesex State Representative Districts.


Interesting facts

  • Arlington's Robbins Library contains the oldest continuously operated free children's library in the country.
  • Samuel Wilson aka "Uncle Sam" was born in Arlington (September 13, 1766).
  • Cyrus E. Dallin, who is best known for the Appeal to the Great Spirit sculpture in front of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, lived in Arlington. (See picture below)
  • Dr. George F. Grant from Arlington was the first black graduate of Harvard College and was also the inventor of the golf tee.
  • Arlington was once a thriving farming community and had its own lettuce that was quite popular.
  • Arlington had a large ice industry on Spy Pond from the mid-1800's until the last ice house burned down in 1930.
  • The first spreadsheet, VisiCalc, was written in Arlington.
Appeal to the Great Spirit - a life-size bronze statue cast by Arlington artist Cyrus Dallin in 1909
Appeal to the Great Spirit

Arlington is a town in eastern Massachusetts, six miles northwest of Boston, latitude 42 degrees 25 minutes north, longitude 71 degrees 09 minutes west. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 42,389.

It is situated in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. It is bordered on the south by the town of Belmont, on the south and east by the city of Cambridge, on the west by the town of Lexington, on the north by the town of Winchester, and on the east by the cities of Medford and Somerville.

Ice Harvesting on Spy Pond, from a 1854 Print.  Arlington MA USA
Ice Harvesting on Spy Pond

Geography

Arlington covers 3,517.5 acres (14 km²), or 5.5 square miles, of which 286.2 acres (1.2 km²) are covered by water. There are 210.52 acres (0.9 km²) of parkland.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.3 km² (5.5 mi²). 13.4 km² (5.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.9 km² (0.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 5.99% water.

Name

The Town of Arlington was originally settled by European colonists in 1635 as a village under the name Menotomy, an Algonquian word meaning "fast moving water". Prior to changing the name to Arlington in 1867, the area, including part of what is now Belmont was incorporated in 1807 as West Cambridge. The name "Arlington" was chosen in honor of those buried in Arlington National Cemetery

Missing image
Schwamb1873.jpg
Old Schwamb Mill, 1873. Arlington, MA, USA


Old Schwamb Mill, 1873

The Massachusetts tribe, part of the Algonquian tribe of Native Americans, lived around the Mystic Lakes and Alewife Brook. The leader of the tribe, a woman called Squaw Sachem, sold the land of her tribe to the colonists for ten pounds, with provisions that she could remain on her homestead land around the Mystic Lakes and continue hunting and farming. She also was to be given a new winter coat of wool each year for the rest of her life.

The name of "Menotomy" also referred to the stream now known as Mill Brook, which, historically figured largely into Arlington's economy. Seven mills were built along the stream, including the Schwamb Mill which survives to this day. The Schwamb Mill has been a working mill since 1650, making it the longest working mill in the country.

History

Paul Revere's famous midnight ride to alert colonists took him through what is now known as Arlington. And later on that first day of the American Revolution, more blood was shed in Arlington than in the battles of Lexington and Concord combined. Minutemen from surrounding towns converged on Menotomy to ambush the British on their retreat from Concord and Lexington.

Missing image
JasonRussellHouse.jpg
Jason Russell House, Arlington MA USA


Jason Russell House

The Jason Russell house is today a museum which remembers those twelve Americans who were killed in and around this pictured dwelling on April 19th, 1775.

Demographics

Arlington currently has approximately 42,000 residents. Based on the U.S. censuses, Arlington's population has been declining by an average of 7% per decade since 1970. (1970: 52,720; 2000: 42,389).

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 42,389 people, 19,011 households, and 10,779 families residing in the town. The population density is 3,159.6/km² (8,179.6/mi²). There are 19,411 housing units at an average density of 1,446.8/km² (3,745.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 90.97% White, 1.70% African American, 0.13% Native American, 4.97% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 1.86% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 19,011 households out of which 23.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% are married couples living together, 8.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 43.3% are non-families. 34.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.22 and the average family size is 2.91.

In the town the population is spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 36.0% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 83.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $64,344, and the median income for a family is $78,741. Males have a median income of $52,352 versus $40,445 for females. The per capita income for the town is $34,399. 4.1% of the population and 2.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.0% of those under the age of 18 and 5.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Government

Arlington's executive branch is comprised of an elected five-member Board of Selectmen. The day-to-day operations are handled by a Town Manager hired by the Board of Selectmen. The legislative branch is made up of 252 Town Meeting Members, elected from the 21 precincts.

Missing image
TownHall1924.jpg
Arlington's Town Hall, 1924 postcard


Arlington's Town Hall, 1924

Arlington is part of the 7th Massachusetts Congressional District, the 4th Middlesex State Senatorial District, and the 23rd and 26th Middlesex State Representative Districts.


Interesting facts

  • Arlington's Robbins Library contains the oldest continuously operated free children's library in the country.
  • Samuel Wilson aka "Uncle Sam" was born in Arlington (September 13, 1766).
  • Cyrus E. Dallin, who is best known for the Appeal to the Great Spirit sculpture in front of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, lived in Arlington. (See picture below)
  • Dr. George F. Grant from Arlington was the first black graduate of Harvard College and was also the inventor of the golf tee.
  • Arlington was once a thriving farming community and had its own lettuce that was quite popular.
  • Arlington had a large ice industry on Spy Pond from the mid-1800's until the last ice house burned down in 1930.
  • The first spreadsheet, VisiCalc, was written in Arlington.
Appeal to the Great Spirit - a life-size bronze statue cast by Arlington artist Cyrus Dallin in 1909
Appeal to the Great Spirit

Arlington residents of note

External links

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External links

Template:Mapit-US-cityscale

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