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Army of the Potomac

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Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. Headquarters Army of the Potomac, November 10th 1862.

The Army of the Potomac was the major Union Army in the Eastern Theatre of the American Civil War.

History

The Army of the Potomac was created in 1861, but was only the size of a corps (relatively speaking). It began as the Army of Northeastern Virginia, but received its more recognized name in July. It had many commanders and many structural changes. It was eventually disbanded in 1865, after the war was over.

The Army of the Potomac was also the name given to General P.G.T. Beauregard's Confederate army during the early stages of the war (namely, the First Battle of Bull Run). However, the name was eventually changed to the Army of Northern Virginia, which became famous under General Robert E. Lee.

Some believe that John Pope's Army of Virginia was another name for this army; however, during the time that the Army of Virginia existed, the Army of the Potomac was still active on the Peninsula, and General McClellan still had command of it.

Commanders

Major Battles and Campaigns

From the Overland Campaign to the end of the war, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant accompanied Meade's headquarters and supervised the actions of the Army of the Potomac along with all other forces in the Union Army, but Meade retained formal command.de:Army of the Potomac

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