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Arpachshad

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(Redirected from Arphaxad)

Arpachshad or Arphaxad or Arphacsad (אַרְפַּכְשַׁד / אַרְפַּכְשָׁד "Healer; releaser", Standard Hebrew Arpaḫšad, Tiberian Hebrew ʾArpaḵšaḏ / ʾArpaḵšāḏ) was one of the five sons of Shem, the son of Noah (Genesis 10:22,24;11:12,13; 1 Chronicles 1:17,18). His brothers were Elam, Asshur, Lud and Aram; he is an ancestor of Abraham. Donald B. Redford (Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times, p. 405) has asserted that Arpachsad is to be identified with Babylon.

Until the identification of a site in southern Iraq as Ur of the Chaldees by Sir Charles Woolley in 1927, Arpachshad was understood by mainly Jewish scholars to be an area in northern Mesopotamia. This led to the identification of Arpachshad with Urfa-Kasid (due to similarities in the names ארפ־כשד and כשדים) - a land associated with the Khaldis, whom Josephus confused with the Chaldeans (and possibly the Kasidim mentioned in Daniel).

More ancient Jewish sources, particularly the Book of Jubilees, point to Arpachsad as the immediate progenitor of Ura and Kesed, who allegedly founded the city of Ur Kesdim on the South bank of the Euphrates, in the same approximate location where Woolley subsequently identified it.

Arpachshad's son is called Shelah, except in the Septuagint, where his son is Cainan (קינן), Shelah being Arpachshad's grandson.

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