Ayllu

From Academic Kids

Ayllu were the basic political unit of pre-Inca and Inca life. These were at their core extended family groups, but they could adopt non-related members. They would often have their own huaca, or minor god, usually embodied in a physical object such as a mountain or rock. They were usually led by a chief, but could have other political arrangements. Ayllu were self sustaining units and would educate their own offspring and farm or trade for all the food they ate, except in cases of disaster such as El Niņo years when they relied on the Inca storehouse system.

In marriages, the woman would generally join the class and ayllu of her partner as would her children, but would inherit her land from her parents and retain her membership in her birth ayllu. This is how most movements of people between ayllu occurred. But a person could also join an ayllu by assuming the responsibility of membership. This included ayni, or work in kind for other members of the allyu, and Mita, a form of taxation levied by the Inca government.

External links

  • [Inca model (http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/dept/d10/asb/anthro2003/archy/aymara/inca_model.html)]
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