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Aztec mythology

From Academic Kids

The Aztec civilization recognized many gods and supernatural creatures

Contents

Gods

Serpent Gods

God groups

  • Ahuiateteo (also Macuiltonaleque) - five gods who personify excess
  • Cihuateteo (also Civatateo) - souls of women who died in childbirth who lead the setting sun in the western sky. Also night demons who steal children, and cause seizures, insanity and sexual transgression. They also accompany warriors to heaven.
  • Centzon Huitznahua - southern stars, children of Coatlicue
  • Centzon Totochtin (400 rabbits) - gods of pulque
  • Skybearers - associated with the four directions, supported the vault of the sky.
  • Tzitzimime - star demons of darkness that attack the sun during eclipses and threaten the earth
  • Xmulzencab - bee gods

Supernatural creatures

Legendary Heroes and Kings

  • Moctezuma - last emperor of the Aztecs at Tenochtitlan
  • Popocatepetl - legendary warrior who died in battle and was changed, along with his grief-stricken lover into a mountain

Places

References

  • Boone, Elizabeth Hill, ed. (1982) The Art and Iconography of Late Post-Classic Central Mexico. Washington D.C.
  • Leon-Portilla, Miguel (1963) Aztec Thought and Culture. Norman, Oklahoma. Oklahoma University Press.
  • Miller, Mary and Taube, Karl (1993) An Illustrated Dictionary of the Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya. London, Thames & Hudson.
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