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Bataan

From Academic Kids

Bataan is a province of the Philippines occupying the whole of Bataan Peninsula on Luzon. The province is part of the Central Luzon region. The capital of Bataan is Balanga City and is bordered by the provinces of Zambales and Pampanga to the north. The peninsula faces South China Sea to the west and encloses its arm, Manila Bay, to the east.

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Bataan
Missing image
Ph_seal_bataan.png
Image:ph_seal_bataan.png

Region: Central Luzon (Region III)
Capital: Balanga City
Founded: —?
Population:
2000 census—557,659 (46th largest)
Density—406 per km² (12th highest)
Area: 1,373.0 km² (12th smallest)
Languages: Tagalog, Kapampangan
Governor: Leonardo B. Roman (2004-2007)
Image:Ph_locator_map_bataan.png

Bataan is famous in history as one of the last stands of American and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanese forces in World War II. The Bataan Death March was named for this province, where the infamous march started.

Contents

People and Culture

Economy

Geography

Political

Bataan is subdivided into 11 municipalities and 1 city.

City

Municipalities

Physical

The Bataan Peninsula is a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountains, on Luzon in the Philippines. It separates the Manila Bay from the South China Sea. The peninsula features Mount Natib (1,253 m) in the north and the Mariveles Mountains in the south, which includes Mount Samat, the location of the historical marker for the Bataan Death March.

History

Early History

The province of Bataan was established in 1754 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to Pampanga and the corregimiento of Mariveles which, at the time, included Maragondon, Cavite across the Manila Bay.

In 1647, Dutch naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from Spain. The forces massacred the people of Abucay in Bataan. In the late 1700s, Limahong, a Chinese pirate used Bataan as the launching point for his conquest of Luzon, which was unsuccessful.

World War II

Bataan featured prominently during World War II. Prior to the 1941 Japanese invasion, the US Army stored nearly 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800 m³) of gasoline here.

Shortly after the Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined forces of Filipino and US forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur decided to make Bataan the site of a last stand. (See Battle of the Philippines (1941-42). On January 7, 1942, Japanese forces started the siege of the peninsula. On April 3 the Japanese began an all-out assault on the American and Filipino troops left on the peninsula. Bataan fell on April 9 and the Bataan Death March began. About 70,000 captured American and Filipino soldiers were forced to march more than a hundred kilometers from Bataan to Tarlac.

Tourist Attractions

Resorts Raven Resort (Abucay, Bataan), Abucay County Resort (Abucay, Bataan), Villa Amanda Resort (Abucay, Bataan), Lavinia Resort (Orani, Bataan), Annjoline's Resort (Orani, Bataan), Big Splash Resort (Orani, Bataan), Paran Resort (Samal, Bataan)

Historical places Mount Samat - Shrine of Valor (Pilar, Bataan), First Abucay Catholic Church (The 411-year old Church), Zero Kilometre Death March Marker

Natural-made places of interest Dunsulan Falls, Pasukulan Falls(Abucay, Bataan)

Beach Resorts Montemar Beach Resort (Bagac,Bataan), Sunmoon Beach Resort (Bagac, Bataan), Waterfront Beach Resort (Morong, Bataan), Bay Spring Resort (Mariveles, Bataan), Benipres Beach Resort (Orion, Bataan)

and many more (unlisted)

Related Articles


External links

Template:Bataan

Regions and Provinces of Luzon
Ilocos Region: Ilocos Norte | Ilocos Sur | La Union | Pangasinan
Cagayan Valley: Batanes | Cagayan | Isabela | Nueva Vizcaya | Quirino
Central Luzon: Aurora | Bataan | Bulacan | Nueva Ecija | Pampanga | Tarlac | Zambales
CALABARZON: Batangas | Cavite | Laguna | Quezon | Rizal
MIMAROPA: Marinduque | Occidental Mindoro | Oriental Mindoro | Palawan | Romblon
Bicol Region: Albay | Camarines Norte | Camarines Sur | Catanduanes | Masbate | Sorsogon
Cordillera Adm. Region: Abra | Apayao | Benguet | Ifugao | Kalinga | Mountain Province
Metro Manila: No provinces
de:Bataan

ja:バターン州 no:Bataan

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