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Brassicaceae

From Academic Kids

Brassicaceae

Winter Cress (Barbarea vulgaris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Brassicales
Family:Brassicaceae
Genera

See text

The flowering plant family Brassicaceae, known as the mustard/cabbage family, provides much of the world's winter vegetables. These include cabbage, kale, collard greens, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage (bak choy, pak choy, choy sum), rapeseed (canola and others), Chinese kale, rutabaga (also known as Swedish turnips or swedes), seakale, turnips, radish and kohl rabi. Other well known members of the Brassicaceae include mustard seed, horseradish and watercress. Agricultural plants in the mustard family are also known as cole crops.

Cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, collards, and kale are all cultivars of one species, Brassica oleracea.

The mustard family is found worldwide and consists of plants with annual, bi-annual and perennial life spans. Whilst some members of the Brassicaceae have seeds with a high erucic acid content, making these unsafe to eat in large doses, all members of the family are edible, although some do taste better than others.

They were formerly called the Cruciferae (crucifers) due to the four petals of these plants looking like crosses. According to ICBN Art. 18.5 (St Louis Code) Cruciferae is still regarded as validly published.


Genera

External links

de:Kreuzbltengewchse es:Brassicaceae eo:Brasikacoj fr:Brassicaceae lt:Bastutiniai augalai nl:Kruisbloemenfamilie ja:アブラナ科 pl:Kapustowate zh:十字花科

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