Brent Scowcroft

From Academic Kids

Lieutenant General Brent Scowcroft (born 19 March 1925), USAF (Ret.) was the United States National Security Advisor under Presidents Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush. He also served as Military Assistant to President Richard Nixon and as Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs in the Nixon and Ford administrations.

Prior to joining the Bush administration, Scowcroft was Vice Chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc. He is the founder and president of The Forum for International Policy, a think-tank. Scowcroft is also president of The Scowcroft Group, Inc., an international business consulting firm. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

In the course of his military career, Scowcroft held positions in the Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Headquarters of the U.S. Air Force, and the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs. Other assignments included faculty positions at the U. S. Air Force Academy and the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, and Assistant Air Attache in the American Embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

Scowcroft has chaired or served on a number of policy advisory councils, including the President's General Advisory Committee on Arms Control, the President's Commission on Strategic Forces, the President's Blue Ribbon Commission on Defense Management, the Defense Policy Board, and the President's Special Review Board (Tower Commission) investigating the Iran-Contra affair.

Scowcroft was a leading Republican critic of U.S. policy towards Iraq before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. [1] (http://www.commondreams.org/headlines02/0805-02.htm) [2] (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/gunning/interviews/scowcroft.html) [3] (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A36644-2004Oct15.html) [4] (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A54680-2005Jan6.html). Scowcroft was criticized by others, including Andrew Sullivan, for his egregiously bad predictions on the Afghanistan War following 9/11.

Scowcroft had an aeronautical rating as a pilot and has numerous military decorations and awards. In addition, President Bush presented him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991. In 1993, he was presented with the insignia of an Honorary KBE by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth at Buckingham Palace.

General Scowcroft was born in Ogden, Utah. He received his undergraduate degree and commission into the Army Air Forces from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. He has an M.A. and Ph.D. from Columbia University.

He co-wrote "A World Transformed" with George H.W. Bush. This book described what it was like to be in the White House during the end of the Cold War, as the Soviet Union collapsed in the early 1990s.

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Preceded by:
Henry Kissinger
National Security Advisor
19741977
Succeeded by:
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Preceded by:
Colin Powell
National Security Advisor
19891993
Succeeded by:
Anthony Lake

Template:End boxfr:Brent Scowcroft

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