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British Aircraft Corporation

From Academic Kids

The British Aircraft Corporation, or BAC, was a British aircraft manufacturer, formed from the forced merger of the Bristol Aeroplane Company, English Electric (aircraft), Vickers-Armstrong and Hunting Aircraft in 1959. The Hawker-Siddeley Group was expanded through a similar merger, while engine design and manufacturing was concentrated at Rolls-Royce and the newly formed Bristol-Siddeley Engines, and helicopters at Westland Helicopters.

Most of the BAC designs were taken over from the individual companies that formed it. English Electric's latest design would become the ill-fated TSR-2 supersonic strike aircraft. After successfully flying prototype aircraft, political pressure forced development to cease and the remaining airframes and most supporting equipment and documentation be destroyed.

Hunting's design for a short-range airliner continued as well, becoming the BAC 1-11, which sold fairly well into the 1970s. Bristol had escewed the subsonic airliner market and was working on the Bristol 223 supersonic transport, which was eventually merged with similar efforts at Sud Aviation to create the Anglo-French Concorde venture.

Nationalisation

On April 29, 1977 The British Aircraft Corporation, the Hawker Siddeley Group and Scottish Aviation were nationalised and merged under the provisions of Aircraft and Shipbuilding Industries Act. This new group was established as a statutory corporation, British Aerospace (BAe).


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