Bromberg district

From Academic Kids

Bromberg was the northern of two administrative districts (German: Regierungsbezirk, Polish:Rejencja, ) of the Province of Posen (1849-1918) by the Prussian administration and its predecessor the semi-autonomous Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1849). The administrative center was in the city of Bromberg (modern-day Bydgoszcz).

It was bordered on the south by the Posen district, to the west by Brandenburg, to the north and northeast by West Prussia (German: Westpreußen) and to the east by Congress Poland (in borders of Russia).

Bromberg district had a larger percentage of German settlers, and was therefore more Protestant, than average for the Province of Posen. However, the majority of population were Poles and Catholics. Initially, there was a sizeable Jewish minority, but that number diminished over time due to the Ostflucht.

Image:DistBromb.gif

Divisions

Note: Prussian provinces were subdivided into units called "Kreise" (singular "Kreis", abbreviated "Kr.", English "circle"), which were similar to large counties in US terms. Cities would have their own "Stadtkreis" (English: "municipal county") and the surrounding rural area would be named for the city, but referred to as a "Landkreis" (English: "rural county"). In the case of Posen, the Landkreis was split into two: Landkreis Posen West, and Landkreis Posen East. (Data is from Prussian censuses, during a period state-sponsored 'germanization', and includes military garrisons.) The district was originally divided into several larger Kreise, which were later divided into the final 13 Kreise, the larger ones spinning off smaller units.

Kreis ("County") Polish spelling 1905 Pop Polish German Jewish Origin
City of Bromberg Bydgoszcz 16%
Bromberg Bydgoszcz 38%
Czarnikau Czarników 27%
Filehne Wieleń 28%
Gnesen Gniezno 67%
Hohensalza Inowrocław 7%
Kolmar Chodzież 18%
Mogilno Mogilno 76%
Schubin Szubin 56%
Strelno Strzelno 82%
Wirsitz Wyrzysk 47%
Witkowo Witkowo 83%
Wongrowitz Wągrowiec 77%
Znin Znin 77%
Kingdom Prussia
Province (other provinces) Posen (other provinces)
Regierungsbezirk   Bromberg district Posen district  
Kreis   City of Bromberg Bromberg Czarnikau Filehne Gnesen Hohensalza Kolmar Mogilno Schubin Strelno Wirsitz Witkowo Wongrowitz Znin City of Posen Adelnau Birnbaum Bomst Fraustadt Gostyn Grätz Jarotschin Kempen Koschmin Kosten Krotoschin Lissa Meseritz Neutomischel Obornik Ostrowo Pleschen Posen Ost Posen West Rawitsch Samter Schildberg Schmiegel Schrimm Schroda Schwerin Wreschen  
Standesamt (see Kreis articles for links to Standesämter)
Community (see Standesämter articles for links to communities) edit {{{2}}} (http://footwww.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php?title=Template:NavPosenDistricts&action=edit)

Article Map

This article is part of the Prussia portion of the Wikipedia Project "Historical States" which is structured upon the administrative organization of the Prussian government as it existed just before unification in 1871.

  • Kingdom of Prussia (between 1815 and 1871, part of the German Confederation; between 1871 and 1920, inside the German Empire)
    • Province of Posen
      • Admin. districts ("Regierungsbezirke") - usually two or three per province <== YOU ARE HERE
        • Counties ("Kreise") - around 30 - 40 per province
          • Civil registration districts ("Standesämter"), similar to a township - usually 5 - 10 per Kreis.
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