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Cameroon

From Academic Kids

The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central Africa. It borders Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and the Gulf of Guinea. The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroons merged in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon which in 1972 was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon; since 1984 the country is known as the Republic of Cameroon or Rpublique du Cameroun (its official languages are English and French). Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of an ethnic oligarchy. The capital is Yaound.

Republic of Cameroon
Rpublique du Cameroun
Missing image
Cameroon_flag_large.png


(Detail) (Detail)
National motto: Paix, Travail, Patrie
(French: Peace, Work, Fatherland)
image:LocationCameroon.png
Official languages French and English
Capital Yaound
Largest City Douala
President Paul Biya
Prime Minister Ephram Inoni
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 52nd
475,440 km²
1.3%
Population


 - Total (2003)
 - Density

Ranked 60th


15,746,179
34/km²

Independence
 - Date
From France and the United Kingdom
January 1, 1960
Currency CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone UTC+1
National anthem Chant de Ralliement
Internet TLD .cm
Calling Code 237
Contents

History

Main article: History of Cameroon

The first inhabitants of Cameroon were the pygmy Baka tribes. The Bantu language originated in the highlands of Cameroon, but many of its speakers moved out before foreign invaders came into the nation.

The first European contact was in the 1500s with the Portuguese, but they did not stay. The first permanent settlements were started in the late 1870s, with Germany emerging as the major European Power. After World War I though, the country would be split by Britain and France.

In 1961 the French and British portions of Cameroon were united, the French portion having gained independence a year earlier. The new coalition government was led by Ahmadou Ahidjo who led a crack down on rebel groups who had remained since before independence.

Ahidjo stepped down in 1982 and was succeeded by the current president, Paul Biya. Biya has won numerous elections, but the fairness of these elections has been questioned. The last elections were held on October 11, 2004.

Politics

Template:Election cameroon The President of Cameroon holds executive power in the government of Cameroon. This provision was part of the reforms instituted in 1996 to the Constitution, that had been originally written in 1972. The President is given a broad range of powers, and is able to carry them out without consulting the National Assembly.

The National Assembly consists of 180 delegates and meets three times a year. The main responsibility of the Assembly is to pass laws, but rarely has it changed any laws or blocked the passage of legislation.

The judiciary is subordinate to the executive branch's Ministry of Justice. The Supreme Court may review the constitutionality of a law only at the president's request.

Provinces

Map Of Cameroon

Main article: Provinces of Cameroon

Cameroon is divided into 10 provinces:

Geography

Main article: Geography of Cameroon

Economy

Main article: Economy of Cameroon

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Cameroon

Culture

Main article: Culture of Cameroon

Holidays
DateEnglish Name
January 1New Year's Day
February 11National Youth Day
May 1Labor Day
May 20National Day
August 15Assumption
December 25Christmas

In addition, movable holidays include: Christian: Good Friday, Easter Sunday, and Easter Monday Muslim: 'Id al-Fitr and 'Id al-Adha

See also: Music of Cameroon, List of writers from Cameroon

Education

Main article: Education in Cameroon

Miscellaneous topics

External links

Template:Portal Template:Commonscat Template:Wiktionary

Government

News

Overviews

Directories

Tourism


Countries in Africa

Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Republic of the Congo | Cte d'Ivoire | Djibouti | Egypt | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | The Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | So Tom and Prncipe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | Somaliland | South Africa | Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe | Western Sahara

Dependencies: Canary Islands | Ceuta and Melilla | Madeira Islands | Mayotte | Runion | Saint Helena and dependencies
ar:كاميرون

bn:ক্যামেরুন ca:Camerun de:Kamerun et:Kamerun es:Camern eo:Kameruno fr:Cameroun ko:카메룬 io:Kamerun id:Kamerun ia:Camerun it:Camerun he:קמרון lv:Kamerūna lt:Kamerūnas ms:Cameroon nl:Kameroen nds:Kamerun ja:カメルーン no:Kamerun pl:Kamerun pt:Camares ru:Камерун sa:केमेरून sk:Kamerun sl:Kamerun sr:Камерун fi:Kamerun sv:Kamerun zh:喀麦隆

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