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Canadian Forces Land Force Command

From Academic Kids

(Redirected from Canadian Army)
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Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan

Canadian Forces Land Force Command (LF) is responsible for army operations within the Canadian Armed Forces. LF maintains bases across Canada and is responsible for the largest component of the Canadian Forces Reserves - the "militia".

LF is the descendant of the Canadian Army which was the name of Canada's land forces until February 1, 1968, although this term has never really disappeared from the LF description. At the time of unification all army units were placed under Force Mobile Command (FMC) with the name being changed to Land Force Command in a 1990s reorganization of the Canadian Forces.

Contents

Army bases and training centres

Regiments of the Regular Force

Canadian army regiments are strongly rooted in the traditions and history of the British Army. Battle honours displayed by these regiments often date back to colonial times. Many regiments originated as Canadian detachments of British parent regiments and as Canadian colonial militia, resulting in a variety of colourful and historically familiar names.

Armoured

Artillery

  • 1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
  • 2nd Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
  • 5e Régiment d'artillerie légère du Canada
  • 4th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery

Combat engineers

  • 1 Combat Engineer Regiment
  • 2 Combat Engineer Regiment
  • 4 Engineer Support Regiment
  • 5 Combat Engineer Regiment

Infantry

Special Forces

Brigades

Army forces are administered through four geographically based command areas under Land Force Command, each comprised of regular and reserve force brigades. Links from each command area below will provide details of brigade composition.
Regular Force formations are in bold face. Reserve Force units are in light face.

Land Force Atlantic Area

Land Force Quebec Area

Land Force Central Area

Land Force Western Area

Medical Branch

In 2004 the Medical Branch of the Canadian Forces underwent a reorganization. The army reserve units, which had formerly been titled medical companies, were renamed field ambulances to match the titles of the regular units. In addition, all regular and reserve army units were removed from the brigades and placed in a new formation:

Canadian Forces Medical Group

  • 1 Field Ambulance, Edmonton
  • 2 Field Ambulance, Petawawa
  • 5 Field Ambulance, Valcartier
  • 11 Field Ambulance, Victoria
  • 12 Field Ambulance, Vancouver
  • 15 Field Ambulance, Edmonton
  • 16 Field Ambulance, Regina
  • 17 Field Ambulance, Winnipeg
  • 18 Field Ambulance, Thunder Bay
  • 23 Field Ambulance, Hamilton
  • 25 Field Ambulance, Toronto
  • 28 Field Ambulance, Ottawa
  • 35 Field Ambulance, Sydney
  • 51 Field Ambulance, Montreal
  • 52 Field Ambulance, Sherbrooke
  • 55 Field Ambulance, Quebec City

Equipment

Vehicles

  • Iltis 4 × 4, light utility vehicle
  • Mamba and Nyala mine-proof 4 x 4 armoured personnel carrier
  • MLVW medium logistic vehicle wheeled
  • LSVW light support vehicle wheeled
  • HLVW heavy lift vehicle
  • ROWPU (Reverse Osmosis Water Purification Unit)
  • AVGP 6 x 6 armoured vehicle (General Purpose)
    • Cougar (armoured fire support)
    • Grizzly (armoured personnel carrier)
    • Husky (armoured recovery)
  • Coyote 8 × 8 reconnaissance vehicle
  • M113A1 tracked armoured personnel carrier
  • MTVL (Mobile Tactical Vehicle Light)
  • LAV III 8 x 8 (Light Armoured Vehicle)
  • Stryker 8 x 8 (Light Armoured Vehicle)
  • ADATS (Air-Defence Anti-Tank System)
  • Leopard main battle tank
  • M109 self-propelled howitzer
  • BV 206
  • CH-146 Griffon tactical transport helicopter

Weapons

  • C9 machine-gun
  • C7A1 rifle
  • C8 carbine
  • C6 machine-gun
  • Browning .50 calibre heavy machine-gun
  • Browning-HP 9-mm pistol
  • Long Range Sniper Weapon (LRSW)
  • C3A1 sniper rifle
  • C13 fragmentation grenade
  • TOW anti-tank missile
  • Carl Gustav
  • M72 anti-tank weapon
  • 81-mm mortar
  • 60-mm mortar
  • Eryx short-range anti-armour weapon (heavy)
  • Javelin short-range air defence missile
  • LG1 Mark II 105-mm towed howitzer
  • Skyguard / 35-mm twin-gun low-level air defence
  • C1 close support howitzer
  • C3 close support howitzer
  • P225, 226 (naval boarding parties, pilots and JTF operators)

Abbreviations

  • BFC: Base des forces canadiennes (French for CFB)
  • CFB: Canadian Forces Base
  • CBG: Canadian Brigade Group
  • CMBG: Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group
  • CTC: Combat Training Centre
  • GBC: Groupe-brigade du Canada (French for CBG)
  • GBMC: Groupe-brigade mécanisé du Canada (French for CMBG)
  • RCA: Royal Canadian Artillery
  • TC: Training Centre

Publications

See also

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