Canadian federal election, 1974

From Academic Kids

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The House of Commons after the 1974 election

The Canadian federal election of 1974 was held on July 8 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. The governing Liberal Party won its first majority government since 1968, and gave Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau his third term. The Progressive Conservatives, led by Robert Stanfield, did well in the Atlantic provinces, and in the West, but the Liberal support in Ontario and Quebec ensured a majority Liberal government.

A key issue in the election was controlling spiralling inflation. Stanfield had proposed a "90-day wage and price freeze" to break the momentum of inflation. Trudeau had ridiculed this policy as an intrusion on the rights of businesses and employees to set or negotiate their own prices and wages with the catch-phrase, "Zap! You're frozen!" In 1975, Trudeau introduced his own wage and price control system under the auspices of the "Anti-Inflation Board".

The New Democratic Party, led by David Lewis, lost less than two-and-a-half percentage points in popular vote, but almost half of their seats in the House of Commons.

The Social Credit Party of Canada, led by Real Caouette, continued to lose ground, and fell to 11 seats, one short of the number required to be recognized as a party in the House of Commons (and therefore qualify for research funds and parliamentary committee memberships). This status was nonetheless extended to the party by the governing Liberals.

One seat was won in New Brunswick by independent candidate Leonard Jones. Jones, the former mayor of Moncton, had secured the Progressive Conservative nomination, but PC leader Stanfield refused to sign Jones' nomination papers because he was a vocal opponent of official bilingualism, which the PC Party supported. Jones had opposed providing services in French in the City of Moncton even though 30% of the city's population was francophone. Jones ran and won as an independent. After the election, Social Credit leader Caouette invited Jones to join the Socred caucus, which would have given that party enough members for official status. Caouette justified the invitation on the basis that Jones agreed with providing bilingual education at the primary school level. Jones declined Caouette's invitation, and sat as an independent.

National results

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1972 Dissolution Elected % Change # % Change

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal 264 109 109 141 +29.4% 4,102,853 43.15% +4.73%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative <center> Robert Stanfield 264 107 106 95 -11.2% 3,371,319 35.46% +0.44%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic <center> David Lewis 262 31 31 16 -48.4% 1,467,748 15.44% -2.40%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Social Credit <center> Real Caouette 152 15 15 11 -26.7% 481,231 5.06% -2.49%

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Independent 63 1 - 1 - 38,745 0.41% -0.18%

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Unknown 28 - - - - 17,124 0.18% -0.15%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Marxist-Leninist/row

Marxist-Leninist <center> Hardial Bains 104     -   16,261 0.17%  

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Communist <center> William Kashtan 69     -   12,100 0.13%  

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No affiliation 3 1 1 - -100% 551 0.01% -0.24%
     Vacant 2  
Total 1,209 264 264 264 - 9,507,932 100%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca History of Federal Ridings since 1867 (http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/process/house/hfer/hfer.asp?Language=E)

Note: "% change" refers to change from previous election

Results by province

Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NT YK Total

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Seats: 8 - 3 2 55 60 6 2 1 4 - - 141

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Popular Vote (%): 33.8 24.8 30.7 27.4 45.1 54.1 47.2 40.7 46.2 46.7 24.7 33.5 43.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Progressive Conservative Seats: 13 19 8 9 25 3 3 8 3 3 - 1 95

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Vote: 41.9 61.2 36.4 47.7 35.1 21.2 33.0 47.5 49.1 43.6 33.2 47.1 35.5

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

New Democratic Seats: 2 - 2 2 8 - - 1 - - 1 - 16

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/NDP/row

Vote: 23.0 9.3 31.5 23.5 19.1 6.6 8.7 11.2 4.6 9.5 42.1 19.5 15.4
Social Credit Seats: - - - - - 11 - -   -     11
Vote: 1.2 3.4 1.1 1.1 0.2 17.1 2.9 0.4   0.1     5.1

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Independent Seats: - - - - - 1 -     -     1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote: 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 8.1     0.1     0.4
Total seats: 23 19 13 13 88 74 10 11 4 7 1 1 264
Parties that won no seats:

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Unknown Vote: xx 1.0.   0.1 0.1 0.3     0.1       0.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Marxist-Leninist/row

Marxist-Leninist Vote: 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 xx 0.1         0.2

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Communist Vote: 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1             0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

No affiliation Vote:         xx xx             xx

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote.

Notes

See: 30th Canadian parliament for a full list of MPs elected in this election.

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