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Channel Islands of California

From Academic Kids

The eight Channel Islands of California, off the west coast of the United States.
The eight Channel Islands of California, off the west coast of the United States.

The Channel Islands of California, also called the Santa Barbara Islands, are a chain of eight islands located off the coast of Southern California in the United States. The eight islands are split between the jurisdictions of three separate California counties: Santa Barbara County (four), Ventura County (two) and Los Angeles County (two). The archipelago extends for 160 miles (257.5 kilometers) between San Miguel Island in the north and Santa Clemente in the south.

Contents

Northern islands

Southern islands

Description

The Channel Islands are part of one of the richest marine biospheres of the world. The islands are divided into two groups, the Northern Channel Islands and the Southern Channel Islands. The four Northern Islands used to be a single landmass known as Santa Rosae.

Five of the islands (San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Anacapa, and Santa Barbara) were made into the Channel Islands National Park in 1980. The Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary encompasses the waters six nautical miles (11 km) off Anacapa, Santa Cruz, San Miguel and Santa Barbara Islands. The United States Navy controls San Nicolas Island and San Clemente Island completely and has installations elsewhere in the chain. Santa Catalina Island is the only one of the eight islands with a significant permanent civilian settlement—the resort city of Avalon, California.

Wildlife

Many unique species of plants and animals are endemic to the Channel Islands.

Fauna

Flora

Recently extinct

  • Giant Deer Mouse (Peromyscus nesodytes), extinct 1870
  • San Clemente Bewick's Wren (Thryomane bewickii leucophrys), extinct 1927
  • Santa Barbara Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia graminea), extinct 1967

Extinct

See also

External links





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Capital Sacramento
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California poppy



Regions
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Urban areas and major cities
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California map



Counties
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de:Channel Islands (Kalifornien) es:Islas Santa Barbara

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