Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond

From Academic Kids

Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond and Lennox (9 December 1764August 28, 1819) was a British soldier and politician and Governor General of British North America. He was born at Gordon Castle, near Thirsk, Scotland and died near Perth, Ontario, Canada.



Lennox was a keen cricketer (a right-hand bat and wicket-keeper) and cricket-lover and member of the Marylebone Cricket Club. In 1786, together with the Earl of Winchilsea Lennox offered Thomas Lord a guarantee against any losses Lord might suffer on starting a new cricket ground. This led to Lord opening his first cricket ground in 1787. Although Lord's cricket ground has since moved twice, Lennox' and Winchilsea's guarantee was the genesis of the creation of the best-known cricket ground in the world, a ground known as the Home of Cricket.

Army captain

Lennox became an army captain at the age of 23 in 1787. In 1789 he was involved in a duel with Frederick, Duke of York, who had accused him of ungentlemanly behaviour. A few months later he was involved in another duel, and later in the year he married Lady Charlotte Gordon, daughter of the 4th Duke of Gordon. In 1794 and 1795 he participated in naval engagements against the French in the West Indies and Gibraltar, but was sent home when he came into conflict with his superiors.


He became the 4th Duke of Richmond on December 29, 1806, after the death of his uncle, Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond. In April 1807 he became Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He remained in that post until 1813, with Arthur Wellesley (the later Duke of Wellington) as his secretary. He participated in the Napoleonic Wars and in 1815 he was in command of a reserve force in Brussels, which was protecting that city in case Napoleon won the Battle of Waterloo. On June 15, the night before the Battle of Quatre Bras, he held a ball for his fellow officers. Although he observed the battle the next day, as well as Waterloo on June 18, he did not participate in either.

Governor General of Canada

In 1818 he was appointed Governor General of Upper Canada. While visiting the territory in 1819, he was bitten by a pet fox, and died of rabies on August 28 of that year. His title was inherited by his son, Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond.

After death

The towns of Richmond, Ontario and Richmond, Quebec were named after him after his death. According to tradition, the town of Richmond Hill, Ontario was also named after him, as he was said to have passed through the then village during his visit in 1819.

See also: List of Canadian Governors General


Preceded by:
The Duke of Bedford
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Succeeded by:
The Viscount Whitworth
Preceded by:
Sir John Coape Sherbrooke
Governor General of British North America
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Dalhousie

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Preceded by:
Charles Lennox
Duke of Richmond and Lennox Succeeded by:
Charles Lennox

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