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Charles Tupper

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Not to be confused with Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper who was Sir Charles Tupper's son
Charles Tupper
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6th Prime Minister of Canada
Term of Office: May 1,1896
July 8,1896
Predecessor: Mackenzie Bowell
Successor: Wilfrid Laurier
Date of Birth: July 2, 1821
Place of Birth: Amherst, Nova Scotia
Spouse: Francis Morse
Profession: Doctor
Political Party: Conservative

Sir Charles Tupper, P.C., G.C.M.G.,D.C.L., LL.D., M.D. (July 2, 1821October 30, 1915) was the sixth Prime Minister of Canada and, as of 2005, the one with the shortest term of office.

Tupper was born in Amherst, Nova Scotia, studied at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and became a doctor upon his graduation in 1843. In 1846, he married Frances Morse (1826-1912), with whom he had three sons (James Stewart Tupper, Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper, and William Johnston Tupper) and three daughters (Emma, Elizabeth Stewart (Lilly), and Sophy Almon).

He entered Nova Scotia politics in 1855 and became premier in 1864 as leader of the Confederation Party. As a delegate to the Charlottetown, Quebec, and London conferences, Tupper guided his province into Confederation.

Sir Charles Tupper's public career was long and successful. He was Canada's High Commissioner in Great Britain from 1884 to 1887, and later served as one of Sir John A. Macdonald's key lieutenants. In 1895, he returned from service as Canada's representative in Britain to take over the leadership of the Conservative party, replacing Mackenzie Bowell. The Conservative Party was "dissatisfied" in Bowell's leadership because of the controversial Manitoba Schools Question. Despite these successes, Tupper was Prime Minister of Canada for just 69 days in 1896, the shortest term ever for a Canadian Prime Minister. He was also the oldest, at the age of 74, to assume the office of Primer Minister.

Tupper led the Conservatives into the 1896 election; however, the question of the educational rights of French-speaking Manitobans turned voters, especially in Quebec, towards the Liberals under Wilfrid Laurier. Despite garnering 46.5% of the votes, in comparison to 45% for the Liberals, Tupper's Conservatives were defeated. He retired from the federal scene in 1901, after thirty years in national politics.

Sir Charles Tupper died in Bexleyheath, Kent, England at the age of 94, and was brought home to be buried in St. John's Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

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Preceded by:
Sir Mackenzie Bowell
Prime Minister of Canada
1896
Succeeded by:
Sir Wilfrid Laurier
Preceded by:
Sir Mackenzie Bowell
Federal Conservative Leader
Succeeded by:
Sir Robert Laird Borden
Preceded by:
James W. Johnston
Premier of Nova Scotia
1864-1867
Succeeded by:
Hiram Blanchard
Preceded by:
Archibald McLelan
Minister of Finance
27 January 188722 May 1888
Succeeded by:
George Eulas Foster

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