Christian Pineau

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Christian Pineau, French resistance leader and statesman

Christian Pineau (October 14, 1904 - April 5, 1995) was a noted French Resistance fighter.

He was born in Chaumont-en-Bassigny, Haute-Marne, France and died in Paris.

A World War II French Resistance leader and a close ally of Charles de Gaulle, he was arrested by the Gestapo in 1943 and survived Buchenwald concentration camp.

He represented the Sarthe Department as a Socialist in the National Assembly from 1946 to 1958. After the war, he served as a Minister in French governments between 1945-1958. He was minister of Supply in de Gaulle's gouvernment (1945) and Minister of Public works (1947-1950) in different gouvernments. Fort a short time, he was Finance Minister en 1948. Designated as Prime minister by president Coty after Mendes France's fall in February 1955, the National Assembly refused to invest his cabinet by 312 votes against 268.

As Foreign Minister (February 1956 - May 1958), he was responsible for handling the Suez canal crisis and he signed the Treaty of Rome on behalft of France. With Guy Mollet, he visited Moscow. He was a always an advocate of European integration.

He wrote several books:

  • La simple vérité, regard sur la période 1940-1945, Juillard
  • Khrouchtchev, Perrin, 1964
  • Suez, Robert Laffont, 1976
  • Mon cher député, Julliard, 1959
  • Le grand pari, l'aventure du Traité de Rome (with Christiane Rimbaud)

and also children's books: Plume et le saumon, L'ourse aux pattons verts, Histoire de la forêt de Bercé, La planète aux enfants perdus.

He is buried in Le Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France.

Pineau's Ministry, 20 January - 23 February 1955


Preceded by:
Paul Ramadier
Minister of Supply
1945
Succeeded by:
François Tanguy-Prigent
Preceded by:
Jules Moch
Minister of Public Works and Transport
1947–1948
Succeeded by:
Henri Queuille
Preceded by:
Paul Reynaud
Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
1948
Succeeded by:
Henri Queuille
Preceded by:
Henri Queuille
Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism
1948–1950
Succeeded by:
Jacques Chastellain
Preceded by:
Pierre Mendès-France
Prime Minister of France
1955
Succeeded by:
Edgar Faure
Preceded by:
Antoine Pinay
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1956–1958
Succeeded by:
René Pleven

Template:End boxfr:Christian Pineau

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