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Chuvash language

From Academic Kids

Chuvash language [CHOO-vahsh] (Template:Unicode, also known as Chuwash, Chovash, Chavash or uaş) is a Turkic language spoken west of the Urals in central Russia. Chuvash is the native language of the Chuvash people and an official language of Chuvashia. It is spoken by about two million people.

The Chuvash alphabet uses the Cyrillic script, plus four extra letters: Template:Unicode.

Modern Chuvash Alphabet

Template:Unicode

There are two dialects of Chuvash: Viryal or Upper (pronouncing an o, as in Template:Unicode = town) and Anatri or Lower (pronouncing a u, as in Template:Unicode = town). The literary language is based on the Lower dialect. Both Tatar and Finnic languages have influenced the Chuvash language, and there are Russian, Mari, Arab and Persian words in its lexicon.

The most ancient writing system was Runic, which disappeared after the Volga Bulgars converted to Islam. Later, Arabic was used. After the Mongol invasion, writing disappeared. The modern alphabet was created in 1873 by I. Ya. Yakovlev. In 1938, the alphabet underwent a significant modification to its current form.

The SIL code of Chuvash is CJU; the language codes are cv and chv.

See also

Template:InterWiki

de:Tschuwaschische Sprache

cv:Чăваш чěлхи et:Tšuvaši keel eo:Ĉuvaŝa lingvo nn:Tsjuvansk pl:Język czuwaski ru:Чувашский язык sr:Чувашки језик tt:Çuaş tele

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