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City of Sydney

From Academic Kids

Template:Austlocalgovtarea The City of Sydney comprises the central business district and surrounding Inner West suburbs of the greater metropolitan area of Sydney, Australia. It is a Local Government Area (LGA), and on 6 February 2004, the former LGA of the City of South Sydney was formally merged into the City of Sydney.

Suburbs within the boundaries of the City of Sydney before the merger include the actual downtown or central business district of Sydney itself, Pyrmont and Ultimo to the west, Haymarket to the south and Woolloomooloo to the east and other suburbs.

The CBD is roughly bounded by Circular Quay and the Harbour to the north, Macquarie Street to the east, the Western Distributor to the west and Liverpool Street to the south. Suburbs within the City of South Sydney before the merger include: Alexandria, Darlington (now mostly occupied by the University of Sydney), Erskineville, Newtown, Redfern, Glebe, Waterloo, Paddington.

Contents

History

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Lower_George_Street_Sydney_1828.jpg

The "City of Sydney" was established in 1842 by the Corporation Act which encompasses present-day Woolloomooloo, Surry Hills, Chippendale, and Pyrmont, an area of 11.65 km2. There were six wards established by boundary posts. A boundary post still exists in front of Sydney Square.

The boundaries of the City of Sydney have been been changing fairly regularly since 1900. The Municipality of Camperdown was merged with the city in 1909. Added in 1949 were Alexandria, Darlington, Erskineville, Newtown, Redfern, Glebe, Waterloo, and Paddington. In 1968 the boundaries were changed and many of these suburbs moved to be part of a new municipality of South Sydney. South Sydney was brought back into the city in 1982, but became separate again under the City of Sydney Act of 1988 and then became smaller than its original size at 6.19 km2. It grew again in February, 2004 with the merger of the two council areas, and now has a population of approximately 170,000 people.

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Sydney Tower in the heart of the central business district which is part of the City of Sydney LGA

The City of Sydney is a major supporter of the Sydney Peace Prize.

Politics

As noted above, the electoral boundary of the City of Sydney have been significantly altered by state governments on at least four occasions since 1945, with advantageous effect to the governing party in the New South Wales Parliament at the time. Successive State governments of both major parties, the Labor Party and the Liberal Party, have re-drawn the electoral boundaries to include inner suburbs that are traditionally supportive of them, and to exclude suburbs that are traditionally hostile.

A 1987 Liberal re-organisation saw Sydney Council split, with southern suburbs forming a new South Sydney council. This was thought to advantage the Liberal government of the day, as the southern suburbs had traditionally voted Labor.

In 2004, the Labor State Government undid this change, again merging the councils of the City of Sydney and the City of South Sydney. Critics claimed that this was performed with the intention of creating a "super-council" which would be under the control of the Australian Labor Party (ALP), which also controlled the State Government. Subsequent to this merger, an election took place on 27 March 2004 which resulted in the independent candidate Clover Moore defeating the ALP candidate and winning the position of Lord Mayor. Critics of the merger claimed that this was a result of a voter backlash against the party for attempting to create the "super-council".

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Footnotes

  • 1 Average population working in the CBD 293,000
Regions of Sydney
Eastern Suburbs | Hills District | Inner West | Northern Beaches | North Shore | Southern Sydney | South-western Sydney | Western Sydney
Local Government Areas of Sydney
Ashfield | Auburn | Bankstown | Baulkham Hills | Blacktown | Botany Bay | Burwood | Camden | Campbelltown | Canterbury | Canada Bay | Fairfield | Holroyd | Hornsby | Hunter's Hill | Hurstville | Kogarah | Ku-ring-gai | Lane Cove | Leichhardt | Liverpool | Manly | Marrickville | Mosman | North Sydney | Parramatta | Penrith | Pittwater | Randwick | Rockdale | Ryde | Strathfield | Sutherland | City of Sydney | Warringah | Waverley | Willoughby | Woollahra
List of Sydney suburbs edit box (http://http.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php?title=Template:Sydney_regions&action=edit)
zh:悉尼市
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