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Close central unrounded vowel

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Vowels
front near-front central near-back back
close
near-close
close-mid
mid
open-mid
near-open
open
Table of vowels - List of vowels

Template:Infobox IPA

The close central unrounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is , and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is 1. The IPA symbol is the letter i with a horizontal bar. Both the symbol and the sound are commonly referred to as "barred-i".

Features

Occurs in

English

For some dialects of English that distinguish between two reduced vowels, barred-i is used to transcribe the closer of the two vowels; the more open reduced vowel is transcribed with (schwa). For example, in those dialects that distinguish the words "roses" and "Rosa's", the sound of the 'e' in roses is and the sound of the 'a' in Rosa's is . Some transcription schemes use (the symbol for the near-close near-front unrounded vowel as in big () for this vowel, but is used by those who prefer to keep the set of symbols used to transcribe reduced vowels separate from the symbols used to transcribe stressable vowels—the advantage being that if the reduced vowels are considered as distinct phonemes from the unreduced vowels, many words do not need to have stress placement explicitly marked in the lexicon. The actual phonetic quality of the reduced vowels can vary widely throughout the vowel space defined by and , so neither symbol can be regarded as "more correct" on any basis other than tradition.

The symbol is also occasionally used to transcribe the unstressed vowel of English belly, when that vowel is analysed as a phoneme on its own (sometimes called schwi), in order to show that it is neither long nor lax . Schwi is not pronounced as a close central unrounded vowel, but is a short or , depending on dialect or idiolect.ko:중설 비원순 고모음

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