Advertisement

Coalition of the willing

From Academic Kids

"Coalition of the willing" is a phrase which has been used since the 1980s to refer to groups of nations acting collectively and often militarily outside of the jurisdiction of the United Nations mandates and administration.

Its most prominent use was by the George W. Bush administration to refer to the multinational force in Iraq - nations whose governments supported the United States position in the Iraq disarmament crisis and later the March 2003 invasion of Iraq (see Occupation of Iraq, 2003-2004). The original list in March 2003 included 48 members [1] (http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030321-4.html).

Contents

Origins of the phrase

The precise origins of the phrase are unknown, but it has been used since at least the late 1980s to refer to groups of nations acting collectively without regard to United Nations opinion. Specific uses of the phrase in the context of disarming Iraq began appearing in mid 2001.

The first American President known to have publicly mentioned acting with a "coalition of the willing" in place of a UN mandate was Bill Clinton. The phrase was later used by George W. Bush to refer both to actions in Afghanistan and Iraq, although usage primarily focused on the latter.

Criticism of the phrase

U.S. senator Robert Byrd, ranking Democrat on the Senate Appropriations Committee, has referred to the coalition formed for the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the acronym COW, expressing his concern that the United States was being "milked" as a "cash cow."

Many of the nations in the coalition formed for the 2003 invasion of Iraq stand to receive substantial aid packages and trade benefits from the United States in return for their support. It is for this reason that some editorial cartoons and political commentators have mockingly referred to them as the "coalition of the billing." Another term, used by those who believe coalition nations lied about aspects of the war, is "coalition of the shilling."

Due to the high percentage of states that were small, impoverished nations in need of United States financial aid, a New York Times editorial referred to it as the "Coalition Of Welfare States."

Canadian MP Carolyn Parrish has referred to the "Coalition of the Willing" as the "Coalition of the Idiots". She, however, was reprimanded for these comments, and was eventually removed from the Liberal party caucus.

Irish comedian Sean Moncrieff pointed out that "Many of these countries have been previously been 'liberated' by the United States, repeatedly and with extreme prejustice. And if you've ever been liberated by the United States, you'll know thats an experience you'll never want to go through again!".

Coalition members

In order of number of troops (estimated) committed to Iraq as of March 2005:

  1. USA 130,000
  2. United Kingdom 8,761
  3. South Korea 3,600
  4. Italy 3,085 -- began phased withdrawal of troops in March 2005 [2] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4350213.stm)
  5. Poland 1,700
  6. Ukraine 1,450 -- announced to withdraw troops by October 2005 [3] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4310987.stm)
  7. Georgia 889
  8. Romania 860
  9. Australia 850
  10. Netherlands 800 -- began phased withdrawal of troops in March 2005 [4] (http://www.aljazeera.com/cgi-bin/news_service/middle_east_full_story.asp?service_id=7413)
  11. Japan 550 -- limited to non-combat zones only
  12. Denmark 496
  13. Bulgaria 450 -- began phased withdrawal of troops in March 2005 [5] (http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/03/15/europe/web.0315iraq.html)
  14. El Salvador 380
  15. Mongolia 180
  16. Azerbaijan 151
  17. Latvia 122
  18. Lithuania 118
  19. Slovakia 105
  20. Czech Republic 80
  21. Albania 71
  22. Estonia 55
  23. Macedonia 33
  24. Kazakhstan 25
  25. Norway 10 -- has withdrawn the 179 soldier strong force of engineers and currently has 10 staff officers deployed in Iraq [6] (http://www.wtopnews.com/index.php?nid=116&sid=420737)
  26. Angola 0
  27. Colombia 0
  28. Costa Rica 0 -- asked to be removed from the official coalition list in September 2004
  29. Dominican Republic 0 -- withdrew troops in May 2004
  30. Eritrea 0
  31. Ethiopia 0
  32. Honduras 0 -- withdrew troops in June 2004
  33. Hungary 0 -- withdrew troops in December 2004
  34. Iceland 0
  35. Kuwait 0
  36. Micronesia 0
  37. Moldova 0 -- withdrew troops in February 2005
  38. Nicaragua 0 -- withdrew troops in February 2004
  39. Philippines 0 -- withdrew troops in July 2004
  40. Portugal 0 -- withdrew troops in March 2005
  41. Rwanda 0
  42. Singapore 0 -- withdrew its single amphibious transport dock deployed in the Persian Gulf in March 2005 [7] (http://www.mindef.gov.sg/display.asp?number=2400)
  43. Solomon Islands 0
  44. Spain 0 -- withdrew troops in June 2004
  45. Thailand 0 -- withdrew troops in August 2004
  46. Tonga 0
  47. Uganda 0
  48. Uzbekistan 0

Canada does not support the invasion of Iraq and is not a Coalition member but has 31 troops in the theatre as part of an exchange program with the United States military.

Sources: Operation Iraqi Freedom - Coalition Forces (http://www.cjtf7.army.mil/the-coalition/coalition-forces.htm), PWHCE (http://pwhce.org/willing.html), Global Security (http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/iraq_orbat_coalition.htm)

See also

External links and references

de:Koalition der Willigen ja:有志連合 fi:Halukkaiden koalitio sl:Koalicija voljnih Engli

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools