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National Congress of the Communist Party of China

From Academic Kids

Template:Politics of the People's Republic of China The National Congress of the Communist Party of China (中国共产党全国代表大会 Pinyin: Zhōngu Gngchǎndǎng Qungu Dibiǎo Dhu) is a party congress that is held about once every five years. The National Congress is theoretically the highest body within the Communist Party of China, but in practice decisions are made before the meeting.

The National CPC Congress should not be confused with the National People's Congress which is the legislature of the People's Republic of China. In contrast with the NPC which has become more assertive since the 1990s, the National Congress of the CPC has shown no signs of having any real power. In addition the National Congress should not be confused with the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

Since the establishment of PRC, the Conferences have occurred approximately every five years and since 1956, they have always taken place in the capital, Beijing. Each Conference lasted for five to ten days.

Each Congress's name is abbreviated in Chinese as the number of the Conference, followed by character da (大), short for dahui (大会 "conference"). For example, the sixteenth Conference, Zhōngu Gngchǎndǎng Dshluc Qungu Dibiǎo Dhu (中国共产党第十六次全国代表大会), is shortend to Shlu D (十六大 "sixteenth da").

List of Congresses

  1. 1st Congress (Yi da) (一大)
    • Delegates: 12
    • Party members: 50
    • Significance: The first outline (綱領) of the Party was passed.
  2. 2nd Congress (Er Da) (二大)
    • Delegates: 12
    • Represented party members: 195
    • Significance:
  3. 3rd Congress (San Da) (三大)
    • Delegates: ~30
    • Represented party members: 420
    • Significance:
  4. 4th Congress (Si Da) (四大)
    • Delegates: 12
    • Represented party members: 994
    • Significance:
  5. 5th Congress (Wu Da) (五大)
    • Delegates: ~80
    • Represented party members: 579
    • Significance:
  6. 6th Congress (Liu Da) (六大)
    • Delegates: 84
    • Alternate delegates: 34
    • Represented party members: ?
    • Significance:
  7. 7th Congress (Qi Da) (七大)
    • Delegates: 544
    • Alternate delegates: 208
    • Represented party members: 121
  8. 8th Congress (Ba Da) (八大)
    • Delegates: 1,026
    • Alternate delegates: 107
    • Represented party members: 10,730,000
    • Significance:
  9. 9th Congress (Jiu Da) (九大)
    • Delegates: 1,512
    • Represented party members: 22,000,000
    • Significance:
  10. 10th Congress (Shi Da) (十大)
    • Delegates: 1,249
    • Represented party members: 28,000,000
    • Significance:
  11. 11th Congress (Shiyi Da) (十一大)
    • Delegates: 1,510
    • Represented party members: 35,000,000
    • Significance: Deng Xiaoping reinstated to all of his previous posts
  12. 12th Congress (Shi'er Da) (十二大)
    • Delegates: 1,600
    • Alternate delegates: 149
    • Represented party members: 39,650,000
    • Significance: Central Committee (中央委员会), CAC, and Central Regulation and Inspection Committee (中央紀律檢查委員會) were created.
  13. 13th Congress (Shisan Da) (十三大)
    • Full delegates: 1,936
    • Specially invited delegates: 61
    • Represented party members: 46,000,000
    • Significance:
  14. 14th Congress (Shisi Da) (十四大)
    • Full delegates: 1,989
    • Specially invited delegates: 46
    • Represented party members: 51,000,000
    • Significance:
  15. 15th Congress (Shiwu Da) (十五大)
    • Full delegates: 2,074
    • Specially invited delegates: 60
    • Represented party members: 59,900,000
    • Significance:
  16. 16th Congress (Shiliu Da) (十六大)
    • Full delegates: 2,114
    • Specially invited delegates: 40
    • Represented party members: 66,000,000
    • Significance: Hu Jintao elected General Secretary

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