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Cowpea

From Academic Kids

Cowpea

Black-eyed peas
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Subfamily:Faboideae
Genus:Vigna
Species:V. unguiculata
Binomial name
Vigna unguiculata
Subspecies

V. unguiculata ssp. cylindrica
V. unguiculata ssp. dekindtiana
V. unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis
V. unguiculata ssp. unguiculata

The Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely cultivated genus Vigna. Four cultivated subspecies are recognised:

These beans are now most commonly grown in West Africa. Archaeologically, finds are first attested in Egypt in the 3rd millennium BC; also Greek and Roman records point to a kind of bean which is not the broad bean Vicia faba, and was called phaseolus. These were grown in Europe until the end of the Middle Ages, when similar, but more robust species introduced from America replaced them. The name Phaseolus was however transferred to the American species and entered botanic nomenclature as a genus name, while the cowpea was named as Vigna unguiculata.

External link

Template:Plant-stubfr:Mongette

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