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Crystal Palace Transmitter

From Academic Kids

The Crystal Palace Transmitter is a telecommunications tower in the Crystal Palace area of London (Template:Gbmapping). Today it is the second-tallest structure in London. Constructed in 1950 at 222m (728ft) tall, it was the tallest structure in London until the construction of the 1 Canada Square tower at Canary Wharf in 1991. Despite its size, it has been largely overlooked as London landmark due to its location and simplicity. It has been nicknamed London's Eiffel Tower.

The tower is currently used for UHF television broadcasting. It carries the London regions of BBC ONE, BBC TWO, ITV1 and Channel 4 in analogue, each with a power of 1MW, as well as all six digital terrestrial television multiplexes. (DTT requires far less power to achieve the same coverage.) The station has a range of about 30 miles (50 km).

The tower is also used for FM radio transmission of several local radio stations BBC London 94.9, XFM, Choice FM and Virgin Radio. As well as a low powered relay of the 4 BBC national FM services and Classic FM. It also has mediumwave transmitters on 558 kHz (Spectrum Radio, 720 kHz (BBC Radio 4) and 1035 kHz (Kismat). Since the tower is grounded, a wire aerial spun close to it is used for the MW services

Note: five uses the nearby Croydon Transmitter for its London analogue transmission.

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