Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications

From Academic Kids

DECT or Digital Enhanced (former European) Cordless Telecommunications is an ETSI standard for digital portable phones, commonly used for domestic or corporate use. DECT can also be used for wireless data transfers.

DECT is (like GSM) a cellular system. A major difference between the systems is the cell radius — DECT cells have a radius of 25 to 100 meters, while GSM cells are 2 to 10 km.

Missing image
The base unit and handset of a British Telecom DECT cordless telephone

Some other DECT properties:

  • net bit rate: 32 kbit/s
  • frequency: 1900 MHz
  • carriers: 10 (1880..1900 MHz)
  • timeslots: 2 x 12 (up and down stream)
  • channel allocation: dynamic
  • traffic density: 10000 Erlangs/kmē

DECT physical layer uses:

This means that the radio spectrum is divided into physical channels in two dimensions: frequency and time.

DECT media access control layer is the layer which controls the physical layer and provides connection oriented, connectionless and broadcast services to the higher layers. It also provides encryption services.

DECT data link layer uses a variant of the ISDN data link protocol called LAPC. They are based on HDLC.

DECT network layer contains various protocol entities:

  • Call Control (CC)
  • Call Independent Supplementary Services (CISS)
  • Connection Oriented Message Service (COMS)
  • Connectionless Message Service (CLMS)
  • Mobility Management (MM)

All these communicate through a Link Control Entity (LCE).

The call control protocol is derived from ISDN DSS1, which is a Q.931 derived protocol. Many DECT specific changes have been made.

Three application areas:

  • Domestic DECTs are connected to a base (radio fixed parts) connected to the PSTN. A base can accept more DECT handsets.
  • Business DECTs connected to PBX. Such a case, many radio fixed parts. The DECT handsets dynamically connect to these (hand over feature)
  • Public DECT connected to the PSTN (very rare). An high density alternative to GSM.
  • Local loop (very rare). In this case, a DECT radio link replaces the normally wired connection between the final PSTN distribution point to the subscriber.

DECT GAP is an interoperability profile for DECT. The intent is that two different products from different manufacturers that both conform not only to the DECT standard, but also to the GAP profile defined within the DECT standard, should interoperate for basic call functionality.

Used worldwide: DECT was developed by ETSI but has since been adopted by many countries all over the world. DECT is used in all countries in Europe, outside Europe it is used in most of Asia, Australia and South-America. So far North-America has been off-limits for DECT, but that looks set to change in the near future.

See also

External links

fr:Digital Enhanced Cordless Telephone ru:DECT sv:DECT


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