Donald III of Scotland

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Donald III of Scotland (c. 1033 - 1099) was king of Scotland from 1093 to 1094 and 1094 to 1097. He is also known as Donaldbane, Donalbain, or Donald Bane. He was born about 1033 and became Mormaer (or Earl) of Gowrie about 1060. He was the son of Duncan I, brother of the previous king Malcolm III, and uncle of his successor Duncan II.

Donald III took the throne of Scotland in 1093 on the death of his brother Malcolm III, in a joint rule with his nephew Edmund I. No record exists that indicates that Donald was ever crowned. Malcolm's son Duncan II deposed Donald III in May, 1094. Duncan II died the following November and Donald III retook the throne jointly with his nephew King Edmund, with Donald ruling the north of the kingdom and Edmund ruling the south. Donald III and Edmund were deposed in favour of King Edgar in 1094.

Donald died, imprisoned at Rescobie, Angus, in 1099.

At some point in his life Donald married, and had a daughter, Bethoc, through this marriage. Bethoc married and had children of her own. Bethoc's husband was Ughtred of Tynedale, an Anglo-Saxon noble and lord in Northumbria. They had for example a daughter Hextilda, who married Richard de Comyn, a noble of Norman descent. Their descendants, the Comyns became important in Scotland, for example obtaining the earldom of Buchan by marriage, and lordship of Badenoch. However, Bethoc and her descendants did not make a bid for the Scottish throne in two centuries, until 1290 when her descendant John Comyn of Badenoch, heir of William Comyn, son of Hextilda, was one of claimants to the Scottish throne after the death of Margaret of Norway. See Competitors of Scotland.

Preceded by:
Malcolm III
King of Scots Succeeded by:
Duncan II
de:Donald III. (Schottland)

no:Donald III av Skottland ja:ドナルド3世 (スコットランド王) sv:Donald III av Skottland

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