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Downey, California

From Academic Kids

Downey is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States, 21 km (13 miles) southeast of downtown Los Angeles. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 107,323.

Contents

History

Downey was founded by and named for the former Civil War governor of California, John Gately Downey, when he subdivided land he owned between the Rio Hondo and the San Gabriel River. The Southern Pacific Railroad arrived in 1873, and farmers in the area grew grain, corn, castor beans and fruit until around 1940.

Downey was incorporated in 1956, and instituted a charter form of government in 1964. Suburban homes and factories replaced the farms after World War II. The largest employer was Rockwell Aerospace (later bought by the Boeing company) whose facilities produced some of the systems for the space shuttle. The seventy year history of airplane and space vehicle manufacturing in Downey came to an end when the Rockwell plant closed in 1999. The former Rockwell plant is being converted to a shopping complex. For more information about the history of the Downey NASA site refer to www.aerospacelegacyfoundation.org

Near the center of the city lies what was once one of the busiest intersections in the world, the intersection of Lakewood Boulevard (State Route 19) and Firestone Boulevard (former State Route 42). Route 19 was a major thoroughfare between Pasadena, California and the port at Long Beach, California, and Route 42 was part of the old Spanish Trail system that connected Los Angeles, California to San Diego, California.

In the 60s the town's Downey Records achieved a small notoriety with recordings like The Chantays' surfing instrumental "Pipeline." Downey is also the site of the world's oldest remaining McDonald's drive-in restaurant, located at the intersection of Florence Avenue and Lakewood Boulevard, as well as the first Taco Bell. Downey's two main public high schools are named for Governor Downey and Governor (and later, Chief Justice) Earl Warren.

Downey is home to Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, which is actually the main public rehabilitation hospital for Los Angeles County. Rancho Los Amigos is renowned worldwide for its innovative contributions to the care of spinal cord injuries and post-polio syndrome.

Geography

Downey is located at 33°56'17" North, 118°7'51" West (33.938164, -118.130801)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.6 km² (12.6 mi²). 32.2 km² (12.4 mi²) of it is land and 0.4 km² (0.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.35% water.

The cities of South Gate and Bell Gardens are adjacent to the west and northwest, Pico Rivera lies to the northeast, Santa Fe Springs and Norwalk to the east, and Paramount and Bellflower are to the south.

The city can be conveniently reached by any of four freeways: Interstate 105 with its Metro rail line passes through the southern part of the city, Interstate 5 and Interstate 605 pass along the eastern side, and Interstate 710 passes just west of the city.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 107,323 people, 33,989 households, and 26,001 families residing in the city. The population density is 3,336.4/km² (8,641.7/mi²). There are 34,759 housing units at an average density of 1,080.6/km² (2,798.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 53.48% White, 3.75% Black or African American, 0.87% Native American, 7.74% Asian, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 29.05% from other races, and 4.89% from two or more races. 57.85% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 33,989 households out of which 41.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% are married couples living together, 15.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% are non-families. 19.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.11 and the average family size is 3.55.

In the city the population is spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $45,667, and the median income for a family is $50,017. Males have a median income of $35,991 versus $28,768 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,197. 11.1% of the population and 9.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.4% of those under the age of 18 and 7.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Notable natives

External link

External links

Template:Mapit-US-cityscale

Template:Cities of Los Angeles County, California

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