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E number

From Academic Kids

For the mathematical constant see: e (mathematical constant).

E numbers are short form definitions for food additives and are usually found on food labels. The 'E' prefix indicates the additive is approved for use in the European Union.

The addition of E-numbered additives to food products has been an issue of ongoing health concern for many years. Many such additives are believed to be linked to disorders including allergies, nervous diseases, bowel disorders, cancer, heart disease and arthritis. In more recent years further concerns have been raised that many of these additives may be of genetically modified (GM) origin. Some E-numbered additives may also be considered to be unsuitable for halal, kosher, vegetarian or vegan diets.

("E605" is not an E number; it stands for Parathion, a highly lethal insecticide. It is obviously not a food additive; in this case the "E" stands for Entwicklungsnummer (German for development number), not for Europe.)

See also: List of food additives, Organic food

Abbreviations used in this article

  • PAR - Possible allergic reaction
  • LGM - Likely to be from genetically modified organisms
  • AO - Animal Origin
Contents

Classification by tens

NOTE: these tens do not always hold out; some chemicals may not belong to their group. When searching for a chemical, note that many, particularly in the E4... range, have a variety of purposes.

  • E1...: Colours. E100s yellows, E110s oranges, E120s reds, E130s blues and violets, E140s greens, E150s browns and blacks, E160s-E170s-E180s others.
  • E2...: Preservatives. E200s sorbates, E210s benzoates, E220s sulfides, E230s phenols and formates (methanoates), E240s-E250s nitrates, E260s acetates (ethanoates), E270s lactates, E280s propionates (propanoates), E290s others.
  • E3...: Antioxidants and acidity regulators. E300s ascorbates (vitamin C), E310s gallates and erythorbates, E320s lactates, E330s citrates and tartrates, E340s phosphates, E350s malates and adipates, E360s succinates and fumarates, E370s-E380s others.
  • E4...: Thickeners, stabilisers and emulsifiers. E400s alginates, E410s natural gums, E420s other natural agents, E430s polyoxyethene compounds, E440x natural emulsifiers, E450s phosphates, E460s cellulose compounds, E470s-E480s fatty acids and compounds, E490s others.
  • E5...: pH regulators and anti-caking agents. E500s mineral (non-organic) acids and bases, E510s chlorides and sulfates, E520s sulfates and hydroxides, E530s-E540s alkali-metal compounds, E550s silicates, E570s stearates and gluconates, E580s others.
  • E6...: Flavour enhancers. E620s glutamates, E630s inosinates, E640s others.
  • E9...: Miscellaneous. E900s waxes, E910s synthetic glazes, E920s improving agents, E930s-E940s gases, E950s-E960s sweeteners, E990s foaming agents.
  • E11...-E12...-E14...-E15...: Additional chemicals. These are the numbers for new chemicals, and are impossible to classify.

E100–E199

  • E100 Curcumin, turmeric [Colouring]
  • E101 Riboflavin (Vitamin Bē), formerly called lactoflavin (Vitamin G) [Colouring] [LGM]
  • E101a Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate [Colouring] [LGM]
  • E102 Tartrazine, FD&C Yellow 5 [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E103 Chrysoine resorcinol [Colouring]
  • E104 Quinoline yellow [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E105 Fast Yellow AB [Colouring]
  • E106 Riboflavin-5-Sodium Phosphate [Colouring]
  • E107 Yellow 2G [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E110 Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S, FD&C Yellow 6 [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E111 Orange GGN [Colouring]
  • E120 Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines, Natural Red 4 [Colouring] [PAR] [AO]
  • E121 Orcein, Orchil [Colouring]
  • E122 Carmoisine, Azorubine [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E123 Amaranth, FD&C Red 2 [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E124 Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A, Brilliant Scarlet 4R [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E125 Scarlet GN [Colouring]
  • E126 Ponceau 6R [Colouring]
  • E127 Erythrosine, FD&C Red 3 [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E128 Red 2G [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E129 Allura Red AC, FD&C Red 40 [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E130 Indanthrene blue RS [Colouring]
  • E131 Patent Blue V [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E132 Indigo carmine, Indigotine, FD&C Blue 2 [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E133 Brilliant Blue FCF, FD&C Blue 1 [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E140 Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins: (i) Chlorophylls (ii) Chlorophyllins [Colouring]
  • E141 Copper complexes of chlorophylls and chlorophyllins (i) Copper complexes of chlorophylls (ii) Copper complexes of chlorophyllins [Colouring]
  • E142 Greens S [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E150a Plain Caramel [Colouring] [LGM]
  • E150b Caustic sulfite caramel [Colouring] [LGM]
  • E150c Ammonia caramel [Colouring] [LGM]
  • E150d Sulfite ammonia caramel [Colouring] [LGM]
  • E151 Black PN, Brilliant Black BN [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E152 Black 7984 [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E153 Carbon black, Vegetable carbon [Colouring] [LGM] [possibly of AO]
  • E154 Brown FK, Kipper Brown [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E155 Brown HT, Chocolate brown HT [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E160a Alpha-carotene, Beta-carotene, Gamma-carotene [Colouring]
  • E160b Annatto, bixin, norbixin [Colouring] [PAR]
  • E160c Capsanthin, capsorubin, Paprika extract [Colouring]
  • E160d Lycopene [Colouring] [possibly GM]
  • E160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C 30) [Colouring]
  • E160f Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid (C 30) [Colouring]
  • E161a Flavoxanthin [Colouring]
  • E161b Lutein [Colouring]
  • E161c Cryptoaxanthin [Colouring] [LGM]
  • E161d Rubixanthin [Colouring]
  • E161e Violaxanthin [Colouring]
  • E161f Rhodoxanthin [Colouring]
  • E161g Canthaxanthin [Colouring] [possibly of AO]
  • E162 Beetroot Red, Betanin [Colouring]
  • E163 Anthocyanins [Colouring]
  • E170 Calcium carbonate, Chalk [Colouring]
  • E171 Titanium dioxide [Colouring]
  • E172 Iron oxides and hydroxides [Colouring]
  • E173 Aluminium [Colouring]
  • E174 Silver [Colouring]
  • E175 Gold [Colouring]
  • E180 Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK [Colouring]
  • E181 Tannin [Colouring]

E200–E299

E300–E399

  • E300 Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) [Antioxidant]
  • E301 Sodium ascorbate [Antioxidant]
  • E302 Calcium ascorbate [Antioxidant]
  • E303 Potassium ascorbate [Antioxidant]
  • E304 Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid (i) Ascorbyl palmitate (ii) Ascorbyl stearate [Antioxidant]
  • E306 Tocopherol-rich extract (natural) [Antioxidant] [possibly GM]
  • E307 Alpha-tocopherol (synthetic) [Antioxidant] [possibly GM]
  • E308 Gamma-tocopherol (synthetic) [Antioxidant] [possibly GM]
  • E309 Delta-tocopherol (synthetic) [Antioxidant] [possibly GM]
  • E310 Propyl gallate [Antioxidant] [PAR]
  • E311 Octyl gallate [Antioxidant] [PAR]
  • E312 Dodecyl gallate [Antioxidant] [PAR]
  • E315 Erythorbic acid [Antioxidant]
  • E316 Sodium erythorbate [Antioxidant]
  • E317 Erythorbin acid [Antioxidant]
  • E318 Sodium erythorbin [Antioxidant]
  • E319 Butylhydroxinon [Antioxidant]
  • E320 Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) [Antioxidant]
  • E321 Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) [Antioxidant] [PAR]
  • E322 Lecithin [Emulsifier][LGM] [possibly of AO]
  • E325 Sodium lactate [Antioxidant] [possibly of AO]
  • E326 Potassium lactate [Antioxidant] [Acidity regulator] [possibly of AO]
  • E327 Calcium lactate [Antioxidant] [possibly of AO]
  • E329 Magnesium lactate [Antioxidant]
  • E330 Citric acid [Antioxidant]
  • E331 Sodium citrates (i) Monosodium citrate (ii) Disodium citrate (iii) Trisodium citrate [Antioxidant]
  • E332 Potassium citrates (i) Monopotassium citrate (ii) Tripotassium citrate [Antioxidant]
  • E333 Calcium citrates (i) Monocalcium citrate (ii) Dicalcium citrate (iii) Tricalcium citrate [Acidity regulator] [Firming Agent]
  • E334 Tartaric acid (L(+)-) [Acid] [Antioxidant]
  • E335 Sodium tartrates (i) Monosodium tartrate (ii) Disodium tartrate [Antioxidant]
  • E336 Potassium tartrates (i) Monopotassium tartrate (cream of tartar) (ii) Dipotassium tartrate [Antioxidant]
  • E337 Sodium potassium tartrate [Antioxidant]
  • E338 Phosphoric acid [Antioxidant]
  • E339 Sodium phosphates (i) Monosodium phosphate (ii) Disodium phosphate (iii) Trisodium phosphate [Antioxidant]
  • E340 Potassium phosphates (i) Monopotassium phosphate (ii) Dipotassium phosphate (iii) Tripotassium phosphate [Antioxidant]
  • E341 Calcium phosphates (i) Monocalcium phosphate (ii) Dicalcium phosphate (iii) Tricalcium phosphate [Anti-caking agent] [Firming Agent]
  • E343 Magnesium phosphates (i) monomagnesium phosphate (ii) Dimagnesium phosphate [Anti-caking agent] (Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in a future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives)
  • E350 Sodium malates (i) Sodium malate (ii) Sodium hydrogen malate [Acidity regulator]
  • E351 Potassium malate [Acidity regulator]
  • E352 Calcium malates (i) Calcium malate (ii) Calcium hydrogen malate [Acidity regulator]
  • E353 Metatartaric acid [Emulsifier]
  • E354 Calcium tartrate [Emulsifier]
  • E355 Adipic acid [Acidity regulator]
  • E356 Sodium adipate [Acidity regulator]
  • E357 Potassium adipate [Acidity regulator]
  • E363 Succinic acid [Acidity regulator]
  • E365 Sodium fumarate [Acidity regulator]
  • E366 Potassium fumarate [Acidity regulator]
  • E367 Calcium fumarate[Acidity regulator]
  • E370 I,4-Heptonolactone [Acidity regulator]
  • E375 Nicotinic acid, Niacin, Nicotinamide [Colour Retention Agent] [PAR]
  • E380 Triammonium citrate [Acidity regulator]
  • E381 Ammoniumferrocitrate [Acidity regulator]
  • E385 Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate (Calcium disodium EDTA)

E400–E499

  • E400 Alginic acid [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier]
  • E401 Sodium alginate [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier]
  • E402 Potassium alginate [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier]
  • E403 Ammonium alginate [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier]
  • E404 Calcium alginate [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier]
  • E405 Propane-1,2-diol alginate (Propylene glycol alginate) [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier]
  • E406 Agar [Thickener] [Gelling agent] [Stabiliser]
  • E407 Carrageenan [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier] [PAR]
  • E407a Processed eucheuma seaweed [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier]
  • E410 Locust bean gum (Carob gum) [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Gelling agent] [Emulsifier]
  • E412 Guar gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser]
  • E413 Tragacanth [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier] [PAR]
  • E414 Acacia gum (gum arabic) [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier] [PAR]
  • E415 Xanthan gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [possibly GM]
  • E416 Karaya gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier] [PAR]
  • E417 Tara gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser]
  • E418 Gellan gum [Thickener] [Stabiliser] [Emulsifier]
  • E420 Sorbitol (i) Sorbitol (ii) Sorbitol syrup [Emulsifier] [Sweetener] [Humectant]
  • E421 Mannitol [Anti-caking agent] [Sweetener]
  • E422 Glycerol [Emulsifier] [Sweetener] [possibly of AO]
  • E425 Konjac (i) Konjac gum (ii) Konjac glucomannane [Emulsifier]
  • E430 Polyoxyethene (8) stearate [Emulsifier] [Stabiliser] [PAR] [possibly of AO]
  • E431 Polyoxyethene (40) stearate [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E432 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20) [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E433 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80) [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E434 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40) [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E435 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60) [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E436 Polyoxyethene (20) sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65) [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E440 Pectins (i) pectin (ii) amidated pectin [Emulsifier]
  • E441 Gelatine [Emulsifier] [Gelling agent] [AO]
  • E442 Ammonium phosphatides [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E444 Sucrose acetate isobutyrate [Emulsifier]
  • E445 Glycerol esters of wood rosins [Emulsifier]
  • E450 Diphosphates (i) Disodium diphosphate (ii) Trisodium diphosphate(iii) Tetrasodium diphosphate (iv) Dipotassium diphosphate (v) Tetrapotassium diphosphate (vi) Dicalcium diphosphate (vii) Calcium dihydrogen diphosphate [Emulsifier]
  • E451 Triphosphates (i) Pentasodium triphosphate (ii) Pentapotassium triphosphate [Emulsifier]
  • E452 Polyphosphates (i) Sodium polyphosphates (ii) Potassium polyphosphates (iii) Sodium calcium polyphosphate (iv) Calcium polyphophates [Emulsifier]
  • E459 Beta-cyclodextrine [Emulsifier]
  • E460 Cellulose (i) Microcrystalline cellulose (ii) Powdered cellulose [Emulsifier]
  • E461 Methyl cellulose [Emulsifier]
  • E462 Ethyl cellulose [Emulsifier]
  • E463 Hydroxy propyl cellulose [Emulsifier]
  • E464 Hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose [Emulsifier]
  • E465 Ethyl methyl cellulose [Emulsifier]
  • E466 Carboxy methyl cellulose, Sodium carboxy methyl cellulose [Emulsifier]
  • E468 Crosslinked sodium carboxymethyl cellulose [Emulsifier] (Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in a future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives)
  • E469 Enzymically hydrolysed carboxymethylcellulose [Emulsifier]
  • E470a Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [Anti-caking agent] [possibly of AO]
  • E470b Magnesium salts of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [Anti-caking agent] [possibly of AO]
  • E471 Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl distearate) [Emulsifier] [LGM] [possibly of AO]
  • E472a Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [possibly GM] [possibly of AO]
  • E472b Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E472c Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E472d Tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E472e Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E472f Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [possibly GM] [possibly of AO]
  • E474 Sucroglycerides [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [possibly GM] [possibly of AO]
  • E476 Polyglycerol polyricinoleate [Emulsifier] [possibly GM] [possibly of AO]
  • E477 Propane-1, 2-diol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [possibly GM] [possibly of AO]
  • E478 Lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propane-1 [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E479bThermally oxidized soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids [Emulsifier] [LGM] [possibly of AO]
  • E481 Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E482 Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E483 Stearyl tartrate [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E491 Sorbitan monostearate [Emulsifier] [possibly GM] [possibly of AO]
  • E492 Sorbitan tristearate [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E493 Sorbitan monolaurate [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E494 Sorbitan monooleate [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]
  • E495 Sorbitan monopalmitate [Emulsifier] [possibly of AO]

E500–E599

  • E500 Sodium carbonates (i) Sodium carbonate (ii) Sodium hydrogen carbonate (Bicarbonate of soda) (iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate [Acidity regulator] [Raising Agent]
  • E501 Potassium carbonates (i) Potassium carbonate (ii) Potassium hydrogen carbonate [Acidity regulator]
  • E503 Ammonium carbonates (i) Ammonium carbonate (ii) Ammonium hydrogen carbonate [Acidity regulator]
  • E504 Magnesium carbonates (i) Magnesium carbonate (ii) Magnesium hydroxide carbonate (syn. Magnesium hydrogen carbonate) [Acidity regulator] [Anti-caking agent]
  • E507 Hydrochloric acid [Acid]
  • E508 Potassium chloride [Gelling agent] [Seasoning]
  • E509 Calcium chloride [Sequestrant] [Firming Agent]
  • E510 Ammonium chloride, ammonia solution [Acidity regulator] [Improving agent]
  • E511 Magnesium chloride [Firming Agent]
  • E512 Stannous chloride [Antioxidant]
  • E513 Sulfuric acid [Acid]
  • E514 Sodium sulfates (i) Sodium sulfate (ii) Sodium hydrogen sulfate [Acidity regulator]
  • E515 Potassium sulfates (i) Potassium sulfate (ii) Potassium hydrogen sulfate [Seasoning]
  • E516 Calcium sulfate [Sequestrant] [Improving agent] [Firming Agent]
  • E517 Ammonium sulfate [Improving agent]
  • E518 Magnesium sulfate, Epsom salts [Acidity regulator] [Firming Agent]
  • E519 Copper(II) sulfate [Preservative]
  • E520 Aluminium sulfate [Firming Agent]
  • E521 Aluminium sodium sulfate [Firming Agent]
  • E522 Aluminium potassium sulfate [Acidity regulator]
  • E523 Aluminium ammonium sulfate [Acidity regulator]
  • E524 Sodium hydroxide [Acidity regulator]
  • E525 Potassium hydroxide [Acidity regulator]
  • E526 Calcium hydroxide [Acidity regulator] [Firming Agent]
  • E527 Ammonium hydroxide [Acidity regulator]
  • E528 Magnesium hydroxide [Acidity regulator]
  • E529 Calcium oxide [Acidity regulator] [Improving agent]
  • E530 Magnesium oxide [Acidity regulator] [Anti-caking agent]
  • E535 Sodium ferrocyanide [Acidity regulator] [Anti-caking agent]
  • E536 Potassium ferrocyanide [Anti-caking agent]
  • E538 Calcium ferrocyanide [Anti-caking agent]
  • E540 Dicalcium diphosphate [Acidity regulator] [Emulsifier]
  • E541 Sodium aluminium phosphate, acidic [Emulsifier]
  • E542 Bone phosphate [Anti-caking agent] [AO]
  • E543 Calcium sodium polyphosphate
  • E544 Calcium polyphosphate [Emulsifier]
  • E545 Aluminium polyphosphate [Emulsifier]
  • E550 Sodium silicate [Anti-caking agent]
  • E551 Silicon dioxide (Silica) [Emulsifier] [Anti-caking agent]
  • E552 Calcium silicate [Anti-caking agent]
  • E553a (i) Magnesium silicate (ii) Magnesium trisilicate [Anti-caking agent]
  • E553b Talc [Anti-caking agent] [PAR]
  • E554 Sodium aluminium silicate [Anti-caking agent]
  • E555 Potassium aluminium silicate [Anti-caking agent]
  • E556 Calcium aluminium silicate [Anti-caking agent]
  • E558 Bentonite [Anti-caking agent]
  • E559 Aluminium silicate (Kaolin) [Anti-caking agent]
  • E570 Stearic acid (Fatty acid) [Anti-caking agent] [possibly GM] [possibly of AO]
  • E572 Magnesium stearate, calcium stearate [Emulsifier] [Anti-caking agent] [possibly GM] [possibly of AO]
  • E574 Gluconic acid [Acidity regulator]
  • E575 Glucono-delta-lactone [Acidity regulator] [Sequestrant]
  • E576 Sodium gluconate [Sequestrant]
  • E577 Potassium gluconate [Sequestrant]
  • E578 Calcium gluconate [Firming Agent]
  • E579 Ferrous gluconate [Colouring]
  • E585 Ferrous lactate [Colouring] [possibly of AO]

E600–E699

  • E620 Glutamic acid [Flavour enhancer] [possible reaction] [possibly GM]
  • E621 Monosodium glutamate [Flavour enhancer] [possible reaction] [LGM]
  • E622 Monopotassium glutamate [Flavour enhancer] [possible reaction] [possibly GM]
  • E623 Calcium diglutamate [Flavour enhancer] [possible reaction] [possibly GM]
  • E624 Monoammonium glutamate [Flavour enhancer] [possible reaction] [possibly GM]
  • E625 Magnesium diglutamate [Flavour enhancer] [possible reaction] [possibly GM]
  • E626 Guanylic acid [Flavour enhancer]
  • E627 Disodium guanylate, sodium guanylate [Flavour enhancer] [possibly of AO]
  • E628 Dipotassium guanylate [Flavour enhancer]
  • E629 Calcium guanylate [Flavour enhancer]
  • E630 Inosinic acid [Flavour enhancer]
  • E631 Disodium inosinate [Flavour enhancer] [possibly of AO]
  • E632 Dipotassium inosinate [Flavour enhancer]
  • E633 Calcium inosinate [Flavour enhancer]
  • E634 Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides [Flavour enhancer]
  • E635 Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides [Flavour enhancer] [possibly of AO]
  • E636 Maltol [Flavour enhancer]
  • E637 Ethyl maltol [Flavour enhancer]
  • E640 Glycine and its sodium salt [Flavour enhancer] [possibly of AO]

E900–E999

  • E900 Dimethyl polysiloxane [Anti-foaming agent] [Anti-caking agent]
  • E901 Beeswax , white and yellow [Glazing agent][PAR] [AO]
  • E902 Candelilla wax [Glazing agent]
  • E903 Carnauba wax [Glazing agent] [PAR]
  • E904 Shellac [Glazing agent] [AO]
  • E905 Microcrystalline wax [Glazing agent]
  • E907 Crystalline wax [Glazing agent]
  • E910 L-cysteine [AO]
  • E912 Montanic acid esters
  • E913 Lanolin, sheep wool grease [Glazing agent] [AO]
  • E914 Oxidized polyethylene wax [Glazing agent]
  • E915 Esters of Colophane [Glazing agent]
  • E920 L-cysteine hydrochloride [Improving agent] [AO]
  • E921 L-cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate [Improving agent] [AO]
  • E924 Potassium bromate [Improving agent]
  • E925 Chlorine [Preservative] [Bleach]
  • E926 Chlorine dioxide [Preservative] [Bleach]
  • E927b Carbamide [Improving agent]
  • E928 Benzole peroxide [Improving agent]
  • E938 Argon [Packaging gas]
  • E939 Helium [Packaging gas]
  • E941 Nitrogen [Packaging gas]
  • E942 Nitrous oxide [Propellant]
  • E943a Butane [Propellant]
  • E943b Isobutane [Propellant]
  • E944 Propane [Propellant]
  • E948 Oxygen [Packaging gas]
  • E949 Hydrogen
  • E950 Acesulfame potassium [Sweetener]
  • E951 Aspartame [Sweetener]
  • E952 Cyclamic acid and its Na and Ca salts [Sweetener]
  • E953 Isomalt [Sweetener]
  • E954 Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca salts [Sweetener]
  • E957 Thaumatin [Sweetener] [Flavour enhancer]
  • E959 Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone [Sweetener] [Flavour enhancer]
  • E965 Maltitol (i) Maltitol (ii) Maltitol syrup [Sweetener] [Stabiliser] [Humectant]
  • E966 Lactitol [Sweetener] [AO]
  • E967 Xylitol [Sweetener]
  • E999 Quillaia extract [Foaming Agent]

E1000–E1999

  • E1103 Invertase [Stabiliser]
  • E1105 Lysozyme [Preservative]
  • E1200 Polydextrose [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent] [Humectant] [Carrier]
  • E1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone [Stabiliser]
  • E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone [Carrier] [Stabiliser]
  • E1400 Dextrin [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1401 Modified starch [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1402 Alkaline modified starch [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1403 Bleached starch [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1404 Oxidized starch [Emulsifier] [Thickening agent]
  • E1410 Monostarch phosphate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1412 Distarch phosphate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate [Emulsifier] [Thickening agent]
  • E1420 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1421 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1422 Acetylated distarch adipate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1430 Distarch glycerine [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1440 Hydroxy propyl starch [Emulsifier] [Thickening agent]
  • E1441 Hydroxy propyl distarch glycerine [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate [Emulsifier] [Stabiliser] [Thickening agent]
  • E1451 Acetylated oxidised starch [Emulsifier] [Thickening agent]
  • E1505 Triethyl citrate [Foam Stabiliser]
  • E1510 Ethanon
  • E1518 Glyceryl triacetate or triacetin [Humectant]
  • E1520 Propylene glycol [Humectant]

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