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Essex County, Massachusetts

From Academic Kids

fr:Comté d'Essex

Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. As of 2000, the population is 723,419. It has two county seats: Salem and Lawrence6.

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Map_of_Massachusetts_highlighting_Essex_County.png
Image:Map of Massachusetts highlighting Essex County.png

Contents

Law and government

Like an increasing number of Massachusetts counties, Essex County exists today only as a historical geographic region, and has no county government. All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1999. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council, commissioner, or county employees. However, communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. See also: MassGov page on counties (http://lwvma.org/govcounty.shtml).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,146 km² (829 mi²). 1,297 km² (501 mi²) of it is land and 849 km² (328 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 39.57% water. Essex County is adjacent to Rockingham County, New Hampshire (north), the Atlantic Ocean (east), Suffolk County (south), and Middlesex County (west). All county land is incorporated.

Essex County includes the North Shore, Cape Ann, and much of the Merrimack Valley.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 723,419 people, 275,419 households, and 185,081 families residing in the county. The population density is 558/km² (1,445/mi²). There are 287,144 housing units at an average density of 221/km² (574/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 86.44% White, 2.60% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 2.34% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.20% from other races, and 2.15% from two or more races. 11.04% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 275,419 households out of which 32.80% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% are married couples living together, 12.40% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.80% are non-families. 27.10% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.90% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 3.15.

In the county the population is spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $51,576, and the median income for a family is $63,746. Males have a median income of $44,569 versus $32,369 for females. The per capita income for the county is $26,358. 8.90% of the population and 6.60% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.90% of those under the age of 18 and 8.90% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Cities, towns, and villages*

*Villages are census division, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.

Education

Masconomet Regional School District (http://www.masconomet.org/)

External links


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Massachusetts_state_flag.png
Flag of Massachusetts

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Capital:

Boston

Regions:

The Berkshires | Greater Boston | Cape Cod | North Shore | Pioneer Valley | South Shore | Western Massachusetts

Cities:

Attleboro | Boston | Brockton | Cambridge | Chicopee | Fall River | Fitchburg | Gardner | Holyoke | Lawrence | Lowell | New Bedford | Northampton | Pittsfield | Salem | Springfield | Taunton | Westfield | Worcester

Towns:

Abington | Acton | Acushnet | Adams | Alford | Amherst | Andover | Aquinnah | Arlington | Ashburnham | Ashby | Ashfield | Ashland | Athol | Auburn | Avon | Ayer | Barre | Becket | Bedford | Belchertown | Bellingham | Belmont | Berkley | Berlin | Bernardston | Billerica | Blackstone | Blandford | Bolton | Bourne | Boxboro | Boxford | Boylston | Braintree | Brewster | Bridgewater | Brimfield | Brookfield | Brookline | Buckland | Burlington | Canton | Carver | Chilmark | Cohasset | Cummington | Dartmouth | Dedham | Dighton | Dover | Duxbury | East Bridgewater | Easton | Edgartown | Fairhaven | Florida | Foxborough | Freetown | Halifax | Hanover | Hanson | Hingham | Holbrook | Hopedale | Hull | Kingston | Lakeville | Mansfield | Marion | Marshfield | Mattapoisett | Medfield | Medway | Mendon | Middleborough | Milford | Millis | Millville | Milton | Needham | Norfolk | North Attleborough | Norton | Norwell | Norwood | Oak Bluffs | Pembroke | Peru | Plainville | Plymouth | Plympton | Randolph | Raynham | Rehoboth | Rochester | Rockland | Scituate | Seekonk | Sharon | Somerset | Stoughton | Swansea | Tisbury | Walpole | Wareham | Wellesley | West Bridgewater | West Tisbury | Westport | Westwood | Weymouth | Whitman | Wrentham |

Counties:

Barnstable | Berkshire | Bristol | Dukes | Essex | Franklin | Hampden | Hampshire | Middlesex | Nantucket | Norfolk | Plymouth | Suffolk | Worcester

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