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FA Community Shield

From Academic Kids

The FA Community Shield (formerly the Charity Shield) is an English association football trophy. It is contested in an annual match between the champions of the FA Premier League and the winners of the FA Cup. If a team wins The Double (both the Premiership and the FA Cup), the Double winner plays the Premier League runner-up. Traditionally the game is played on the weekend before the start of the regular domestic season. Currently, the game is played at Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales whilst Wembley Stadium is undergoing reconstruction.

The cup was first played for in 1908, replacing the Sheriff of London Charity Shield that had been introduced in 1898. It continued the professionals versus amateurs basis of the earlier cup (the gentlemen and players tradition). The first match was between Manchester United and Queens Park Rangers. The competition was not highly regarded, the games were informal, end-of-season clashes with both teams often assembled just for the game.

As time progressed, the professionals v. amateurs basis was dropped, and the competition format gradually evolved to become one between the FA Cup and League winners (although Southern League champions and Division Two winners were also occasionally involved) by about 1930; this format has been retained since, with the exception of the 1950 Shield, which involved the England World Cup XI against an FA team that had toured Canada that summer.

The date of the game was moved to the start of the season in 1959, and in 1974 then FA secretary, Ted Croker, created the current format with the game being played at the national stadium and the monies raised at the gate going to charity. The game is decided on the day with extra-time and a penalty shoot-out if the scores are level, though until 1993 the cup was shared if the game was drawn (with the exception of the 1974 match, which Liverpool won on penalties after a 1-1 draw).

The competition was renamed the Community Shield in 2002. A small scandal surrounding questionable distribution of monies raised for charities by the match led to a renaming of the match as part of a reform of the competition.

The most successful teams in the competition are Manchester United, winners on fifteen occasions (including shares). The highest scoring game was Manchester United's 8 - 4 win against Swindon Town in 1911.

Winners

Year Team
2005 Arsenal (FA Cup) to play Chelsea (Premiership)
2004 Arsenal
2003 Manchester United
2002 Arsenal
2001 Liverpool
2000 Chelsea
1999 Arsenal
1998 Arsenal
1997 Manchester United
1996 Manchester United
1995 Everton
1994 Manchester United
1993 Manchester United
1992 Leeds United
1991 Arsenal and Tottenham Hotspur (shared)
1990 Liverpool and Manchester United (shared)
1989 Liverpool
1988 Liverpool
1987 Everton
1986 Everton and Liverpool (shared)
1985 Everton
1984 Everton
1983 Manchester United
1982 Liverpool
1981 Aston Villa and Tottenham Hotspur (shared)
1980 Liverpool
1979 Liverpool
1978 Nottingham Forest
1977 Liverpool and Manchester United (shared)
1976 Liverpool
1975 Derby County
1974 Liverpool
1973 Burnley
1972 Manchester City
1971 Leicester City
1970 Everton
1969 Leeds United
1968 Manchester City
1967 Manchester United and Tottenham Hotspur (shared)
1966 Liverpool
1965 Manchester United and Liverpool (shared)
1964 Liverpool and West Ham United (shared)
1963 Everton
1962 Tottenham Hotspur
1961 Tottenham Hotspur
1960 Burnley and Wolverhampton Wanderers (shared)
1959 Wolverhampton Wanderers
1958 Bolton Wanderers
1957 Manchester United
1956 Manchester United
1955 Chelsea
1954 Wolverhampton Wanderers and West Bromwich Albion (shared)
1953 Arsenal
1952 Manchester United
1951 Tottenham Hotspur
1950 World Cup Team
1949 Portsmouth and Wolverhampton Wanderers (shared)
1948 Arsenal
1938 Arsenal
1937 Manchester City
1936 Sunderland
1935 Sheffield Wednesday
1934 Arsenal
1933 Arsenal
1932 Everton
1931 Arsenal
1930 Arsenal
1929 Professionals
1928 Everton
1927 Cardiff City
1926 Amateurs
1925 Amateurs
1924 Professionals
1923 Professionals
1922 Huddersfield Town
1921 Tottenham Hotspur
1920 West Bromwich Albion
1913 Professionals
1912 Blackburn Rovers
1911 Manchester United
1910 Brighton & Hove Albion
1909 Newcastle United
1908 Manchester United

External links

Football in England

League competitions

The FA

Cup competitions

FA Premier League FA Cup
The Football League (Champ, 1, 2) England
(men)
League Cup
Football Conference (Nat, N, S) FA Community Shield
Northern Premier League (Prem, 1) (women) Football League Trophy
Southern League (Prem, 1W, 1E) List of
clubs
FA Trophy
Isthmian League (Prem, 1, 2) FA Vase
English football league system Records FA NLS Cup

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