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Flag of Monaco

From Academic Kids

Missing imageFIAV_54.pngImage:FIAV 54.png  1 Flag ratio: 4:5 (or 2:3); adopted
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Image:FIAV 54.png

1 Flag ratio: 4:5 (or 2:3); adopted 4 April 1881

The national flag of Monaco has two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; it is similar to the flag of Indonesia, which is longer, and the flag of Poland, which is white (top) and red. Red and white have been the heraldic colors of the House of Grimaldi since 1339 at least, but the design of the flag has changed with time.

Monaco's original flag (below left), which was similar to its current State Flag but bore an older version of its coat of arms, was in use from the principality's early days (except during its annexation to France from 1793 to 1814) until the present, simpler design was adopted on April 4, 1881.

Another design (below right), consisting simply of lozenges in the Grimaldi family colors (in heraldic terms "lozengy argent and gules"), was used at various times, particularly in the 1600s, as an unofficial flag, and still appears in some royal photographs; however, it has no designated use, and does not represent any Monegasque official in particular.

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Miscellaneous occasions, 17th century to present
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State Flag

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Flag ratio: 2:3

Monaco's State Flag, which consists of its coat of arms on a white background, is flown at government offices, the Prince's Palace, in the presence of government officials, and as an ensign on the Prince's yacht.

Princely Standard

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Flag ratio: 3:4 (or 5:6 with gold fringe)

The Princely Standard, which consisted of the Crown of Monaco over two opposing letters R on a white background, was the personal flag of Prince Rainier III, and was only used in his immediate presence, particularly on cars in which he travelled. It was often seen with a gold fringe on the top, bottom, and right, which is one-ninth the height of the white field.

Presumably a new Princely Standard will be used by Prince Albert II.

Notes

  1. Sources disagree as to the flag's usage. According to [1] (http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/mc.html) it is Missing image
    FIAV_54.png
    Image:FIAV 54.png

     ; according to the World Flag Database (http://www.flags.net/country.php?country=MONA&section=CURR) it is Missing image
    FIAV_38.png
    Image:FIAV 38.png

     ; and according to Whitney Smith's Flags Through the Ages and Across the World (1975), it is Missing image
    FIAV_04.png
    Image:FIAV 04.png

    .

Reference

National flags
List of national flags | List of national coats of arms
de:Flagge Monacos

fr:Drapeau de Monaco he:דגל מונאקו it:Bandiera monegasca pl:flaga Monako ro:Steagul Principatului Monaco

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