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Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich

From Academic Kids

The Viscount Goderich
Image:FrederickJohnRobinson.jpg
Period in Office:September, 1827January, 1828
PM Predecessor:George Canning
PM Successor:The Duke of Wellington
Date of Birth:1 November 1782
Place of Birth:London
Date of Death:28 January 1859
Place of Death:Putney Heath, London
Political Party:Tory

Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon (November 1, 1782 - January 28, 1859), known as Frederick John Robinson (until 1827), The Viscount Goderich (1827-1833), and The Earl of Ripon (1833 onwards), was a British statesman and Prime Minister (when he was known as Lord Goderich).

After studying at Harrow and St John's College, Cambridge, Robinson entered Parliament in 1806, and served in various minor positions in the government of Lord Liverpool, including joint-Paymaster of the Forces, from which position he sponsored the Corn Laws of 1815, before entering the Cabinet in 1818 as President of the Board of Trade. In 1823 Robinson succeeded Nicholas Vansittart as Chancellor of the Exchequer. While he held this position he was called "Prosperity Robinson" by the sarcastic journalist William Cobbett. William Cobbett also gave him the name "Goody Goderich" during the an economic crisis in 1825.

In 1827 he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Goderich, of Nocton in the County of Lincoln, and served as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies and Leader of the House of Lords in George Canning's short-lived government. On Canning's death Goderich succeeded him as leader of a tenuous coalition of moderate Tories - also known as the Canningites and Whigs, but it only lasted a few months and did not even meet Parliament. Goderich was succeeded by the Duke of Wellington.

In 1830 Goderich moved over to the Whigs and joined Lord Grey's cabinet, again as Colonial Secretary. In 1833 he was created Earl of Ripon, and became Lord Privy Seal. But the next year he broke with the Whigs over Irish disestablishment.

Lord Ripon later served in Peel's second administration as President of the Board of Trade (1841-1843) and then as President of the Board of Control (1843-1846).

His son, George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, was a noted Liberal statesman and Cabinet Minister.

Missing image
Viscount_goderich_of_nocton_tomb.jpg
Lord and Lady Ripon are buried in the memorial chapel at All Saints Church, Nocton.

Lord Goderich's Government, September 1827 - January 1828


Preceded by:
The Lord Charles Somerset
Paymaster of the Forces
1813–1817
(jointly with Charles Long)
Succeeded by:
Charles Long

Template:Succession box two to one

Preceded by:
Nicholas Vansittart
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1823–1827
Succeeded by:
George Canning
Preceded by:
The Earl Bathurst
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
1827
Succeeded by:
William Huskisson

Template:Succession box two to one

Preceded by:
Sir George Murray
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
1830–1833
Succeeded by:
Lord Stanley
Preceded by:
The Lord Durham
Lord Privy Seal
1833–1834
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Carlisle
Preceded by:
Henry Labouchere
President of the Board of Trade
1841–1843
Succeeded by:
William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by:
Lord FitzGerald and Vesey
President of the Board of Control
1843–1846
Succeeded by:
Sir John Cam Hobhouse

Template:End box

Preceded by:
New Creation
Earl of Ripon Succeeded by:
George Robinson
de:Frederick John Robinson, 1. Viscount Goderich
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