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Freedom House

From Academic Kids

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Freedom_House.png


Freedom House, founded by Wendell Wilkie and Eleanor Roosevelt in 1941, describes itself as "a non-profit, nonpartisan organization" that is "a clear voice for democracy and freedom around the world".

Freedom House says of itself that it "has vigorously opposed dictatorships in Central America and Chile, apartheid in South Africa, the suppression of the Prague Spring, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, genocide in Bosnia and Rwanda, and the brutal violation of human rights in Cuba, Burma, China, and Iraq. It has championed the rights of democratic activists, religious believers, trade unionists, journalists, and proponents of free markets.".

During the 1940s, Freedom House supported the Marshall Plan and the establishment of NATO. During the 1950s and 1960s, it advocated the U.S. civil rights movement. During the 1980s, it supported the Solidarity movement in Poland and the democratic opposition in the Philippines.

Contents

Organization

Freedom House is a member of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange, a virtual network of non-governmental organisations that monitors free expression violations worldwide and campaigns to defend journalists, writers and human rights activists.

Former CIA director R. James Woolsey is Freedom House's chairman and its board includes Steve Forbes, P. J. O'Rourke, and Mark Palmer. Freedom House is funded by a number of foundations, including Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, the Sarah Scaife Foundation and the Soros Foundations. They also receive funding from the US Government through the National Endowment for Democracy, USAID, and the State Department.

Reports

Freedom House produces reports on the democracy and freedom in the government of countries around the world, and produces annual scores representing what it judges of countries' political and civil liberties, on a scale from 1 (best) to 7 (worst).

In their 2003 report, for example, Canada (judged as fully free and democratic) got a perfect score of a "1" in civil liberties and a "1" in political rights, earning them the designation of "free." The more oppressive nation of Nigeria got a "5" and a "4" earning them the designation of "Partly Free," while an out and out dictatorship like North Korea scored the lowest rank of "7-7", and was thus dubbed "not free."

Left-wing critics of Freedom House tend to accuse it of conservative bias and of unfair ratings. Specific ratings that have been attacked include Cuba's rating of 7-7 as well as Cuba's inclusion in Freedom House's list of the world's most repressive regimes. United States' rating of 1-1, Panama's rating of 1-2 and El-Salvador's rating of 2-3 have also been criticized. Supporters respond that Freedom House is often critical of both the US (which received a "declining freedom" designation in 2004) and traditional US allies, such as Saudi Arabia and Israel.

Freedom House also produces annual reports on press freedom and governance in the nations of the former Soviet Union, freedom of women in the Middle East, and good governance in countries being considered for President George W. Bush's Millennium Challenge Account foreign aid program.

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Freedom_House_world_map_2005.png
This map reflects the findings of Freedom House's 2005 survey Freedom in the World (http://www.freedomhouse.org/research/survey2005.htm).
Color Key:
  • Green: Free
  • Beige: Partly Free
  • Red: Not Free

Nations in Freedom House's reports and website are usually grouped with historical and cultural criteria, rather than strictly geographical ones. For example:

2005 Ratings

NOTE: The ratings in this table reflect global events from 1 December 2003 through 30 November 2004.

PR - Political Rights CL - Civil Liberties

Sub-Saharan Africa

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
Template:ANG 6 5 Not Free Template:LBR 5 4 Partly Free
Template:BEN 2 2 Free Template:MAD 3 3 Partly Free
Template:BOT 2 2 Free Template:MWI 4 4 Partly Free
Template:BFA 5 4 Partly Free Template:MLI 2 2 Free
Template:BDI 6 5 Partly Free Template:MTN 6 5 Not Free
Template:CMR 6 6 Not Free Template:MRI 1 1 Free
Template:CPV 1 1 Free Template:MOZ 3 4 Partly Free
Template:CAF 6 5 Not Free Template:NAM 2 3 Free
Template:CHA 6 5 Not Free Template:NIG 3 3 Partly Free
Template:COM 4 4 Partly Free Template:NGA 4 4 Partly Free
Template:CNG-Bra 5 4 Partly Free Template:RWA 6 5 Not Free
Template:CNG-Kin 6 6 Not Free Template:STP 2 2 Free
Template:CIV 6 6 Not Free Template:SEN 2 3 Free
Template:DJI 5 5 Partly Free Template:SEY 3 3 Partly Free
Template:EQG 7 6 Not Free Template:SLE 4 3 Partly Free
Template:ERI 7 6 Not Free Template:SOM 6 7 Not Free
Template:ETH 5 5 Partly Free Template:RSA 1 2 Free
Template:GAB 5 4 Partly Free Template:SUD 7 7 Not Free
Template:GAM 4 4 Partly Free Template:SWZ 7 5 Not Free
Template:GHA 2 2 Free Template:TAN 4 3 Partly Free
Template:GUI 6 5 Not Free Template:TOG 6 5 Not Free
Template:GBS 4 4 Partly Free Template:UGA 5 4 Partly Free
Template:KEN 3 3 Partly Free Template:ZAM 4 4 Partly Free
Template:LES 2 3 Free Template:ZIM 7 6 Not Free


Americas

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
Template:ATG 2 2 Free Template:GUY 2 2 Free
Template:ARG 2 2 Free Template:HAI 7 6 Not Free
Template:BAH 1 1 Free Template:HON 3 3 Partly Free
Template:BAR 1 1 Free Template:JAM 2 3 Free
Template:BLZ 1 2 Free Template:MEX 2 2 Free
Template:BOL 3 3 Partly Free Template:NCA 3 3 Partly Free
Template:CAN 1 1 Free Template:PAR 3 3 Partly Free
Template:CHL 1 1 Free Template:PER 2 3 Free
Template:COL 4 4 Partly Free Template:SKN 1 2 Free
Template:CRC 1 1 Free Template:LCA 1 2 Free
Template:CUB 7 7 Not Free Template:VIN 2 1 Free
Template:DMA 1 1 Free Template:SUR 1 2 Free
Template:DOM 2 2 Free Template:TRI 3 3 Partly Free
Template:ECU 3 3 Partly Free Template:USA 1 1 Free
Template:ESA 2 3 Free Template:URU 1 1 Free
Template:GRD 1 2 Free Template:VEN 3 4 Partly Free
Template:GUA 4 4 Partly Free

Asia-Pacific

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
Template:AFG 5 6 Not Free Template:NRU 1 1 Free
Template:AUS 1 1 Free Template:NEP 5 5 Partly Free
Template:BAN 4 4 Free Template:NZL 1 1 Free
Template:BHU 6 5 Not Free Template:NKO 7 7 Not Free
Template:BRU 6 5 Not Free Template:PAK 6 5 Not Free
Template:BURMA 7 7 Not Free Template:PLW 1 1 Free
Template:CAM 6 5 Not Free Template:PNG 3 3 Partly Free
Template:CHINA 7 6 Not Free Template:PHI 2 3 Free
Template:E TIMOR 3 3 Partly Free Template:SAM 2 2 Free
Template:FIJ 4 3 Partly Free Template:SIN 5 4 Partly Free
Template:INDIA 2 3 Free Template:SOL 3 3 Partly Free
Template:IDN 3 4 Partly Free Template:SKO 1 2 Free
Template:JPN 1 2 Free Template:SRI 3 3 Partly Free
Template:KIR 1 1 Free Template:TWN 2 1 Free
Template:LAO 7 6 Not Free Template:THA 2 3 Free
Template:MAS 4 4 Partly Free Template:TGA 5 3 Partly Free
Template:MDV 6 5 Not Free Template:TUV 1 1 Free
Template:MHL 1 1 Free Template:VAN 2 2 Free
Template:MIC 1 1 Free Template:VIE 7 6 Not Free
Template:MGL 2 2 Free


Central & Eastern Europe & the former Soviet Union

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
Template:ALB 3 3 Partly Free Template:LTU 2 2 Free
Template:ARM 5 4 Partly Free Macedonia Macedonia 3 3 Partly Free
Template:AZE 6 5 Not Free Template:MOL 3 4 Partly Free
Template:BLR 7 6 Not Free Template:POL 1 1 Free
Template:BiH 4 3 Partly Free Template:ROM 3 2 Free
Template:BUL 1 2 Free Template:RUS 6 5 Not Free
Template:CRO 2 2 Free Template:SCG 3 2 Free
Template:CZE 1 1 Free Template:SVK 1 1 Free
Template:EST 1 1 Free Template:SVN 1 1 Free
Template:GEO 3 4 Partly Free Template:TAJ 6 5 Not Free
Template:HUN 1 1 Free Template:TKM 7 7 Not Free
Template:KAZ 6 5 Not Free Template:UKR 4 3 Partly Free
Template:KYR 6 5 Not Free Template:UZB 7 6 Not Free
Template:LAT 1 2 Free

Western Europe

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
Template:AND 1 1 Free Template:LUX 1 1 Free
Template:AUT 1 1 Free Template:MLT 1 1 Free
Template:BEL 1 1 Free Template:MCO 2 1 Free
Template:CYP 1 1 Free Template:NLD 1 1 Free
Template:DEN 1 1 Free Template:NOR 1 1 Free
Template:FIN 1 1 Free Template:POR 1 1 Free
Template:FRA 1 1 Free Template:SMR 1 1 Free
Template:GER 1 1 Free Template:ESP 1 1 Free
Template:GRC 1 2 Free Template:SWE 1 1 Free
Template:ISL 1 1 Free Template:SUI 1 1 Free
Template:IRL 1 1 Free Template:TUR 3 3 Partly Free
Template:ITA 1 1 Free Template:UK 1 1 Free
Template:LIE 1 1 Free


Middle East & North Africa

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
Template:ALG 6 5 Not Free Template:LBA 7 7 Not Free
Template:BHR 5 5 Partly Free Template:MAR 5 4 Partly Free
Template:EGY 6 5 Not Free Template:OMA 6 5 Not Free
Template:IRN 6 6 Not Free Template:QAT 6 5 Not Free
Template:IRQ 7 5 Not Free Template:SAU 7 7 Not Free
Template:ISR 1 3 Free Template:SYR 7 7 Not Free
Template:JOR 5 4 Partly Free Template:TUN 6 5 Not Free
Template:KUW 4 5 Partly Free Template:UAE-List 6 6 Not Free
Template:LBN 6 5 Not Free Template:YEM 5 5 Partly Free

Related/Disputed Territories

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
Abkhazia (Georgia) 6 5 Not Free Kosovo (Serbia & Montenegro) 6 5 Not Free
Chechnya (Russia) 7 7 Not Free Macao (China) 6 4 Partly Free
Northern Cyprus 2 2 Free Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan) 5 5 Partly Free
Hong Kong (China) 5 2 Partly Free Puerto Rico (United States) 1 2 Free
West Bank and Gaza Israeli Administered 6 6 Not Free Tibet (China) 7 7 Not Free
Palestinian Authority Administered Territories 5 6 Not Free Transnistria (Moldova) 6 6 Not Free
Kashmir (Indian Administered) 5 5 Partly Free Western Sahara (Morocco) 7 6 Not Free
Kashmir (Pakistani Administered) 7 5 Not Free

See also

External links

sv:Freedom House

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