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Gaza

From Academic Kids

The article is about the Middle Eastern city. For the province in Mozambique, see Gaza Province.

The city of Gaza is the principal city in the Gaza Strip. It sometimes called Gaza City to distinguish it from the Gaza Strip. It has a population of about 400,000. It is currently under the control of the Palestinian Authority, which took it over from Israel following the 1993 Oslo Accords.

Contents

Naming

In Arabic it is written غَزَّة Ġazzah, in the Hebrew alphabet it is עַזָּה, and in Standard Hebrew it is ʻAzza.

The word's original meaning is unclear. Some authorities derive it from Hebrew ʻAzzāh "strong"; however, the ʻ in ʻAzzāh is original (from proto-Semitic *ʻzz), whereas the ʻ in ʻAzza derives from original Ġ. The oldest attested records naming Gaza are ancient Egyptian, in which it it variously transcribed as q-ḏ-t or g-ḏ-t, in an attempt to render the Canaanite sounds ġ and z not found in the Egyptian of that period. The Tell el-Amarna tablets call it Qazati[1] (http://www.dabar.org/Sayce/RecordsOfThePast/Vol2/Tablets-tellelamarna-t.html). 5th-century BC Babylonian records call it Ḫazatu. In ancient Greek, it was termed Γάζα. In Hebrew, its pronunciation shifted from *Ġazzāh to Tiberian Hebrew ʻAzzāh around the first century AD, when the uvular fricatives were lost under the influence of other Semitic languages such as Aramaic. The Arabic form Ġazzah may derive from the Greek name. The earliest surviving written attestation of the name "Gaza" in Arabic may be the Nessana bilingual entagion (http://www.islamic-awareness.org/History/Islam/Papyri/jerus.html) of 674 AD (54 AH), although the name is mentioned in pre-Islamic traditions.

History

Gaza has long been sought after by many groups due to its location between Asia and Africa, its fertile land, and its value as a sea port.

The earliest known reference to the city was by the Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose III in the 15th century BC. It is also mentioned in the Tell el-Amarna tablets. The exact site of ancient Gaza is not known.

Modern Gaza was built in the time of Herod the Great. In biblical times Gaza was one of the major cities of the Philistines. The Philistine city was built on a hill about 150 feet (45 meters) above sea level, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from the Mediterranean Sea. It was a walled city of about 200 acres (80 hectares). It came successively under the control of the Israelites, Assyrians, Egyptians, Babylonians, and Persians.

Gaza became a Muslim city in 635, when it was captured by the Arabs. The city was taken by Crusaders in the 1100s, although it was recaptured by Muslims in 1187.

The Ottoman Empires took control of Gaza in the in the 1500s. During World War I on November 7, 1917 the Third Battle of Gaza ended and United Kingdom forces captured Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.

Gaza served as the administrative headquarters for the Israeli military forces that militarily administered the Gaza Strip from 1967 to 1994.

Gaza city in the Gaza strip
Enlarge
Gaza city in the Gaza strip

Transport

Gaza has one airport, Gaza International Airport. It is currently closed.

See also

External links

bg:Газа de:Gaza (Stadt) fr:Gaza he:עזה nl:Gaza ja:ガザ pl:Gaza (Palestyna) pt:Gaza (cidade) ru:Газа sk:Gaza sv:Gaza zh:加沙

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