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Gelsenkirchen

From Academic Kids

Emblem Map
Emblem of Gelsenkirchen
Map of Germany showing Gelsenkirchen
base data
Bundesland: Nordrhein-Westfalen
Regierungsbezirk: Mnster
Kreis: Urban District
Area: 104.85 km&sup2
Population: 272,445 (31.12.2003)
Population density: 2,598 inhabitants/km&sup2
Elevation: 110 m above sea level
Postal codes: 45801-45899
(old codes: 4650 and 4660)
Telephone area code: (0)209
Geographical position: Template:Coor dm
car licence ID: GE
Official municipality ID: 05 5 13 000
Internal divisions: 5 Stadtbezirke with 18 Stadtteile
Municipal government's address: Stadt Gelsenkirchen
45875 Gelsenkirchen
Webpage: www.gelsenkirchen.de
E-Mail Address: stadt@gelsenkirchen.de (mailto:stadt@gelsenkirchen.de)
Politics
Mayor: Frank Baranowski (SPD)
Ruling Party: SPD
Debt: 333 mil. € (as at 31.12.02)
Population
Jobless rate: 19.8 % (28.10.04)
Resident foreigners: 13.4 %
Age breakdown:
0-18 years: 18.5 %
18-65 years: 61.5 %
over 65 years: 20.0 %

Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the Ruhr area. Its population as of 31 December 2002 was 274,926.

Gelsenkirchen was first documented in 1150, but it remained a tiny village until the 19th century, when the Industrial Revolution led to the growth of the entire area. In 1840, when the mining of coal began, 6000 inhabitants lived in Gelsenkirchen; in 1900 the population had increased to 138,000.

In the early 20th century Gelsenkirchen was the most important coalmining town in Europe. It was called the "city of a thousand fires", for all its smoking stacks. In 1928 Gelsenkirchen was merged with the adjoining cities of Buer and Horst. The city bore the name Gelsenkirchen-Buer, until it was renamed Gelsenkirchen in 1930. During the Nazi era Gelsenkirchen remained a centre of coal production and oil refining, and for this reason it was bombed by Allied air raids in World War II. Today in Gelsenkirchen there are no collieries any more and Gelsenkirchen is searching for a new image. Today Germany's largest solar power plant is located in the city. In Gelsenkirchen-Scholven there is a coal fired power station with the tallest chimneys in Germany (302 metres).

Gelsenkirchen is home of the football club FC Schalke 04. Schalke's home ground, Arena AufSchalke, shortly to take the name Veltins Arena, is generally regarded as one of the most innovative stadiums built in recent years.

External links

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Template:Germany districts north rhine-westphaliada:Gelsenkirchen de:Gelsenkirchen es:Gelsenkirchen eo:Gelsenkirchen fr:Gelsenkirchen it:Gelsenkirchen nl:Gelsenkirchen nds:Chsekerken ja:ゲルゼンキルヒェン pl:Gelsenkirchen pt:Gelsenkirchen sv:Gelsenkirchen

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