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Gilgamesh

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Gilgamesh_Enkidu_cylinder_seal.jpg
Gilgamesh and Enkidu, cylinder seal from Ur III

According to the Sumerian king list, Gilgamesh was the fifth king of Uruk (Early Dynastic II, first dynasty of Uruk), the son of Lugalbanda. Legend has it that his mother was Ninsun, a goddess.

He was succeeded by his son Ur-Nungal who ruled for 30 years. He built a temple to Ninlil in Nippur, and possibly the walls of Uruk.

Despite the lack of direct evidence, most scholars do not object to consideration of Gilgamesh as a historical figure. If he was a historical king, he probably reigned in ca. the 26th century BC.

In most texts Gilgamesh is written with the determinative for divine beings (DINGIR), but there is no evidence for a contemporary cult, and the Sumerian Gilgamesh myths suggest the deification was a later development (unlike the case of the Akkadian god-kings). Historical or not, Gilgamesh became a legendary protagonist in the Epic of Gilgamesh.

Popular Culture

Sumerian Gilgamesh has inspired several works in modern popular culture:

See also

de:Gilgamesch eo:Eposo pri Gilgamesx es:Gilgamesh fr:Gilgamesh he:גילגמש ja:ギルガメシュ叙事詩 nl:Gilgamesh pl:Epos o Gilgameszu pt:Gilgamesh ru:Гильгамеш sv:Gilgamesh

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