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Hickory

From Academic Kids

For other meanings of Hickory please see Hickory (disambiguation).
Hickory

Shagbark Hickory
Photo ©2003 courtesy S. Sweeney
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Fagales
Family:Juglandaceae
Genus:Carya
Genus:Annamocarya
Species

See text

Hickory is a tree of the genera Carya and Annamocarya. The genus Carya includes 17-19 species of deciduous trees with pinnately compound leaves and large nuts. Of the 17-19 species, 12-13 are native to North America (11-12 in the United States, 1 in Mexico), and 5-6 species from China and Indochina. Another Asian species, Beaked Hickory, previously listed as Carya sinensis, is now treated in a separate genus as Annamocarya sinensis.

Species and classification

North America
Asia
  • Annamocarya - beaked hickories

Hickory flowers are anemophilous and self incompatible, so two clonal (grafted) trees cannot pollenize each other. Two or more varieties must be planted for pollination. Seedlings (grown from hickory nuts) will usually have sufficient genetic variation.

Uses

Hickory wood is extremely tough, yet flexible, and is valuable for tool handles, bows, etc. It is also highly prized for woodburning stoves, because of its high caloric content. Hickory wood is also a preferred type for smoke curing meats. The nuts of some species are palatable; while others are bitter, and only suitable for animal feed. Shagbark and Shellbark Hickories are regarded by some as the finest nut trees. A bark extract from Shagbark Hickory is also used in an edible syrup that is similar to maple syrup, with a slightly bitter, smoky taste.

External links

de:Hickory

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