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Highgate

From Academic Kids

Highgate
Administration
Borough:Haringey, Camden, and Islington
County:Greater London
Region:Greater London
Nation:England
Other
Ceremonial County:Greater London
Traditional County:Middlesex
Postal County:London

Template:Dablink

Missing image
John_Constable_003.jpg
View of Highgate, John Constable, 1st quarter of 19th century.

Highgate is a village in north London. It is the highest point in London, and is noteworthy for its Georgian architecture. It is one of the more expensive suburbs to live in, and has an active conservation society, The Highgate Society, to protect its character. It is on the north-eastern corner of Hampstead Heath, one of London's largest open spaces.

It is divided between three London boroughs: Haringey to the north, Camden to the south and west, and Islington to the south and east. The postal district for Highgate is N6.

Historically it was part of the Bishop of London's hunting estate. The Bishop kept a toll-house on one of the main northward roads out of London. A number of pubs sprung up along the route, one of which, the Gatehouse, commemorates the toll-house. In later centuries Highgate was associated with the highwayman Dick Turpin.

Highgate Hill, between Archway and Highgate village, was the route of the first cable car to be built in Europe. It operated between 1884 and 1909.

In recent years famous inhabitants have included Samuel Taylor Coleridge, J. B. Priestley, Yehudi Menuhin (and later Sting who bought Menuhin's old house), Sir Jacob Bronowski, Stanley Baxter, and Victoria Wood. Highgate Cemetery is the burial place of Karl Marx, Faraday and Radclyffe Hall. Adjacent to the cemetery is the Holly Lodge Estate, one of only two housing estates built in the UK for single women and formerly the home and grounds of Baroness Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts.

The MP for the Hampstead and Highgate constituency since 1992 has been Labour's Glenda Jackson. Lynne Featherstone is the Liberal Democrat MP for the Hornsey and Wood Green constituency, which covers the northern half of Highgate Village. The Boundary Commission report of 2003 recommended separating the Camden part of Highgate from the remainder of its present constituency and joining it with Kentish Town and Holborn to the south.

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