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Hong Kong International Airport

From Academic Kids

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Hong Kong International Airport (香港國際機場), is the international airport serving Hong Kong. It replaced the old Hong Kong International Airport, popularly known as Kai Tak Airport.

Most people call it the Chek Lap Kok Airport (赤鱲角機場 Pinyin: Chli Jiǎo, Red Perch Cape) after the name of the island.

Contents

History

Hong Kong International Airport
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Hong Kong International Airport

The airport was built on an artificial island reclaimed from Chek Lap Kok, one of the islands that make up the airport's 12.48 km² platform. It is connected to the northern side of Lantau Island at the new town of Tung Chung.

Opened in 6 July 1998, it took six years and US $20 billion to build. The architects were Foster and Partners. For three to five months after its opening, it suffered various severe organizational, mechanical, and technical problems that almost crippled the airport. At one time, the government reopened the cargo terminal at Kai Tak Airport to handle freight traffic due to a breakdown at the new cargo terminal, named Super Terminal One (ST1). Luckily, things started to settle down after six months and the airport started to operate normally.

On 22 August 1999, Mandarin Airlines Flight 642, which was landing in Typhoon Sam at Hong Kong International Airport on a route from Bangkok International Airport in Bangkok to Hong Kong, rolled upside down on the runway. The plane came to rest upside down. 3 of the passengers died.

In 25 May 2002, China Airlines Flight 611 broke up in midflight on the way to Hong Kong International Airport from Chiang Kai Shek International Airport in Taipei, Taiwan. All 19 crew members and 206 passengers on board perished.

Operations

Statistics
2002
Number of Passengers 34,315,000
Number of Takeoffs/Landing 206,630
Capacity
Passenger (current) 45,000,000
Passenger (ultimate) 87,000,000
Cargo (current) 3m tonnes
Cargo (ultimate) 9m tonnes
Apron (current) 96
Number of destinations
International (air) 130
International (water) 6

The airport is operated by the Airport Authority, a statutory body wholly owned by the Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. It is the hub of Cathay Pacific, Dragonair (the flag carriers of Hong Kong) and Air Hong Kong. Its IATA Airport Code is HKG and the ICAO Airport Code is VHHH, both of which are the same codes that Kai Tak used.

The airport is the third busiest airport for passenger traffic in Asia, and the world's second busiest airport for cargo traffic in 2003. In terms of international traffic, the airport is the third busiest for passenger traffic and the busiest for cargo since its operation in 1998. It is popular with travellers — from 2001 to 2005 Hong Kong International Airport has been voted the world's best airport in an annual survey of several million passengers worldwide by Skytrax. In 2000, the airport also won an award as 'Asia/Pacific's leading airport' at the 7th World Travel Awards.

According to the Guinness World Records, the passenger terminal of the HKIA is the worlds largest airport terminal building, with a covered area of 550,000m2. The Airport Core Programme ([1] (http://www.info.gov.hk/napco/index-e.html)) is the most expensive airport project.

Customs and Immigration

Hong Kong has its own immigration policies and is a separate customs territory from mainland China. Travellers between Hong Kong and mainland China need to go through immigration and customs checks which means that flights between Hong Kong and mainland China are therefore treated as international flights and use international airports (e.g. Pudong (International Airport) instead of Hongqiao (Domestic Airport) in Shanghai).

Connections with Guangdong and Macao

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Hong Kong International Airport - Outside
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Hong Kong International Airport - Inside
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Hong Kong International Airport - Outside with Surrounding Area
  • Coach service is available to major cities and towns in Guangdong, and to Macao.
  • Ferry service is also available to various piers in the Pearl River Delta (PRD), for water-air transfer. Ferries passengers from PRD, like ordinary transit passengers between flights, do not have to enter Hong Kong through immigration.

City Check-in

In Hong Kong, you are able to check in as much as to a day before your departure. This is called "City Check-in". Check-in counters are available at both the Hong Kong Station and the Kowloon Station on the Airport Express Line. Many passengers check in approximately half a day earlier. Most airlines provide this service, but some do not. Check the following website for any changes. Departure Information (http://www.hongkongairport.com/eng/aguide/departure.html)

Transportation

Rail

The airport can be reached by the Airport Express, a dedicated high-speed rail link provided by MTR. It takes 23 minutes to reach the airport from Hong Kong Station which is located in Central, in the Central and Western district, via Kowloon and Tsing Yi stations.


Bus Terminus

Long Win Bus:

Citybus:

Discovery Bay Transit Services Limited:

  • DB02R - To Discovery Bay (24 hours)

New Lantao Bus:

  • A35 - To Mui Wo

Ferries

  • Ferries to Tuen Mun Pier.

Taxis

  • Urban taxis (red taxis) serves the Airport with Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and parts of the new towns of Tsuen Wan, Sha Tin and Tseung Kwan O. (Urban taxis can reach entire Hong Kong except southern Lantau Island)
  • New Territories taxis (green taxis) serves the New Territories except parts of the new towns of Tsuen Wan, Sha Tin and Tseung Kwan O.
  • Lantau taxis (blue taxis) serves only the Lantau Island.

Check-in Aisles

Airline check-in at HKIA is divided into eight aisles as passengers enter the airport.

Aisle A


Aisle B

Aisle C

Aisle D

Aisle E

Aisle F

Aisle G

Aisle H

Aisle J

See also

External links

fr:Aroport international Hong Kong es:Aeropuerto Internacional de Hong Kong ja:香港国際空港 zh:香港国际机场

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