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Hopi language

From Academic Kids

Hopi ()
Spoken in: United States
Region: Northeastern Arizona
Total speakers: ~5000
Ranking: Not in top 100
Genetic classification: Uto-Aztecan

 Northern
  Hopi

Official status
Official language of: -
Regulated by: -
Language codes
ISO 639-1-
ISO 639-2nai
SILHOP
See also: LanguageList of languages

Hopi is an Uto-Aztecan language spoken by the Hopi people of northeastern Arizona, although today many Hopi are monolingual English speakers.

The use of the language gradually declined over the course of the 20th century. In 1990, it was estimated that over 5,000 other people could speak Hopi natively, at least 40 of them monolingual.

Despite the fact that relatively few people can speak Hopi, it is very unlikely that it will face the danger of extinction in the near future, as the language is making a comeback. Many Hopi children are being raised in the language, a comprehensive Hopi-English dictionary has been published, and a group called the Hopi Literacy Project has focused its attention on promoting the language.

Phonology

Template:IPA notice

Hopi has six vowels, written a, e, i, o, u, and ö. The first five are pronounced approximately as in the English words want, met, pit, off, and put, while the last is roughly the same as in German (in the IPA, they are respectively , /e/, /i/, /o/, , and ). All six vowels occur in long and short forms; long vowels are indicated in writing by doubling them.

The consonants of Hopi are (, spelled v, is apparently an intervocallic allophone of /p/):

Labial Dental Retroflex Palatal Velar Labiovelar Uvular Glottal
Stop p t ky k kw q ´
Affricate ch
Voiceless Fricative s h
Voiced Fricative r
Nasal m n ny ng
Approximant l y w

References

  • Kennard, Edward A. and Albert Yava. Field Mouse Goes to War: Tusan Homichi Tuwvöta. Palmer Lake, Colorado: Filter Press, 1999.

External links

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