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Horemheb

From Academic Kids

Template:Hiero/2cartouche Horemheb was the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt's 18th Dynasty.

Horemheb came from Herakleopolis Magna near the entrance to the Fayum. His parentage is unknown. Horemheb's birth name and epithet was Horemheb Meryamun, meaning "Horus is in Jubilation, Beloved of Amun". His name is sometimes spelled Horemhab or Haremhab. Technically, this name is transliterated as ḥr-m-ḥb mry-ỉmn, which is written in Egyptian hieroglyphs above.

He became commander of the army, and advisor to the pharaoh. He was one of the most influential advisors to Tutankhamun, who died while still a teenager and was succeeded by Ay. Ay died after a brief reign, and Horemheb became ruler. His throne name was Djeserkheperure Setepenre, meaning "Holy are the Manifestations of Re, Chosen of Re". This name is transliterated dsr-ḫprw-r‘ stp-n-r‘, which is also written in hieroglyphs above.

An incident during Haremheb's reign may have relevance to the biblical King of Israel, Solomon. The lady 'Sharelli' of the pharaoh's court was married to one of the more powerful city-state rulers of Western Asia. A noblewoman marrying outside Egypt at this time may give credence to the biblical record of Solomon marrying an Egyptian princess, for whom he built a palace outside Jerusalem.

He chose Paramesse to succeed him, who assumed the name Ramses I to rule and founded the 19th Dynasty.

Preceded by:
Ay
Pharaoh of Egypt
Eighteenth Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Ramses I
de:Haremhab

fr:Horemheb he:חרמחב pl:Horemheb pt:Horemheb sk:Haremheb fi:Horemheb

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