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IRA

From Academic Kids

IRA is an acronym with various meanings.

There are several paramilitary groups which claim the title 'Irish Republican Army', and advocate an all-island Irish state achieved through terrorism with no ties to the United Kingdom (for more detail on the history of these groups, see Irish Republican Army):

  • Provisional Irish Republican Army: the current dominant republican group, which the term 'IRA' almost always now refers to. Sometimes called Provisional IRA, PIRA, Provisionals or Provos. Formed in 1969 (split from Official IRA) and associated with Sinn Féin.
  • Old IRA: The IRA was the name adopted as the armed section of the self-declared Irish Republic (1919-1922). Fought the Anglo-Irish war, later split between "regulars" (became the Irish army) and "irregulars" (became the Official IRA).
  • Official IRA: Marxist IRA officially on ceasefire since the 1970s. The Provisional IRA broke from this movement in 1969, INLA broke away in 1974.
  • Continuity Irish Republican Army: A breakaway from the Provisional IRA formed in 1986 by those angry with the route being taken by the Adams leadership in the Provisional IRA and Sinn Fein.
  • Real Irish Republican Army (normally called Real IRA): a breakaway from the Provisional IRA formed after the 1990s ceasefires.

On a completely different note, there is also:

  • The Individual Retirement Account (legal name: Individual Retirement Arrangement) or IRA, a private retirement account in the USA that enjoys certain tax benefits.

There is also:

  • Ira (which has a number of alternative meanings)

Template:TLAdisambig

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