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Ibiza

From Academic Kids

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Ibiza.Nono.jpg
Eivissa, Cala de sa Galera, with the Puig Nunˇ in the background

Eivissa or Ibiza is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea, and belonging to Spain. With Formentera, it is one of the two Illes PitiŘses. Major cities are Ibiza Town, Santa EulÓria des Riu and San Antonio.

Its official Catalan name is Eivissa; Ibiza is the Spanish name, now less used in Spain itself, though still dominant among speakers of English.

Contents

History

In 654 BCE Phoenician settlers founded a port in the Balearic Islands, as Ibossim, later known to Romans (as "Ebusus") for its wine, marble, and lead. The Greeks who came to Ibiza during the time of the Phoenicians were the first to call the two islands of Ibiza and Formentera the Pitiusas ("pine-covered islands"). With the decline of Phoenicia after the Assyrian invasions, Ibiza came under the umbrella of Carthage, also a former Phoenician colony. The island produced dye, salt, fish sauce (garum), and wool. A shrine with offerings to the goddess Tanit was established in the cave at Es Cuyram, and the rest of the Balearic Islands entered Eivissa's commercial orbit after 400 BCE. Ibiza was a major trading post along the Mediterranean routes. Iberia began setting up its own trading stations along the nearby Balearic island of Mallorca, from which great quantities of the reknowned Balearic slingers were hired as mercenaries for the diverse wars Carthage was fighting. During the Second Punic War the island was assaulted by the two Scipio brothers [209 BCE] but remained loyal to Carthage. With Carthaginian military luck running out on the Iberian mainland, Ibiza was last used by the fleeing Carthaginian General Mago to gather supplies and men before sailing to Menorca and then to Liguria. Ibiza managed to negotiate a favorable treaty with the Romans, who spared Ibiza from further destruction and allowed it to survive with its Carthaginian-Punic institutions well into the Empire days, when it became an official Roman municipality. This survival made Ibiza an excellent place to study Carthaginian-Punic civilization in later years, but also turned the island into a sleepy imperial outpost as it became more and more detached from the important trading routes of the time.

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Flag of Eivissa

The island was conquered by James I of Aragon in 1235.

Tourism

Eivissa is a very popular tourist destination, especially due to its legendary riotous nightlife (mainly in Ibiza Town, the island's capital on the eastern shore). The most famous clubs include Privilege (the world's largest club which holds the weekly event known worldwide as Manumission on Monday nights), Es Paradis (famous for its water parties), Amnesia (famous for its foam parties and what goes on there), Space (opens at around 8AM) and Pacha. Ibiza is also famous for CafÚ del Mar, a chill spot in Sant Antoni where many people watch the sunset every night.

Music

There also exists a genre of trance music named for Ibiza, similarly to the way Goa trance is named for Goa, India. The style tries to reflect the atmosphere of Ibiza, and listeners often say they can see a Mediterranian sunset when they hear its euphoric, uplifting melodies. The atmosphere is brought on with the use of synthesized string instruments, the sound of waves, mandolins and guitars, and wispy vocals. Popular tracks in this genre include:

  • Seven Cities by Solar Stone
  • Offshore by Chicane
  • Sunset on Ibiza by DJ Tiesto

Paul Oakenfold also has an influence on this genre. Lisa Lashes also has an influence on this genre. Lisa Lashes is a huge Ibiza DJ, with her "Lashed" tour playing a major part.

External links

ca:Illa d'Eivissa cs:Ibiza da:Ibiza de:Ibiza et:Eivissa es:Ibiza fr:Ibiza nl:Ibiza pl:Ibiza pt:Ibiza sv:Ibiza

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