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International Rowing Federation

From Academic Kids

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The International Rowing Federation (FISA) (in French: Fédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Aviron) is the international governing body for rowing. Its current president is Denis Oswald. The Rowing World Cup, World Rowing Championships, and other such competitions are overseen by this organization.

Contents

History

FISA was founded by rowing representatives from France, Switzerland, Belgium, Adriatica, and Italy on June 25, 1892 in response to the growing popularity of the sport of rowing, and the consequent need for uniformity of regulations over such matters as race lengths, boat composition, and weight classes. Also, at the time, betting on rowing was very popular, and the rowers or coaches were themselves often taking bets. Amateur status was unknown in the sport, a state of affairs which can lead to corruption, such as thrown races.

The first regatta organised by the newly formed FISA was the European Rowing Championships and was held in 1893 in Orta, Italy. It only had 10 entries in 3 events and no professional participants. By 1925, the 27th European Championships, held in Prague, included 24 entries in 10 different events.

FISA established its headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland in 1922.

FISA is the oldest international sports organisation to participate in the Olympic games. Each country which participates in rowing has a federation or governing body which belongs to the FISA Congress. These federations (of which there are currently 118) have overall control of what FISA does.

Events

FISA organises a large number of international rowing events though out the year.

Rowing World Cup

Main article Rowing World Cup

Started in 1997, the World Cup comprises of three regattas held in early Summer.

World Rowing Championships

Main article World Rowing Championships

A week long regatta held every year. During Olympic years, only non-Olympic boat classes race.

Junior World Rowing Championships

Main article Junior World Rowing Championships

Running since 1967, the Junior Championships is for those who are under 18 by the end of the current calendar year. During Olympic years it is held at the same time as the World Rowing Championships.

World Rowing Under 23 Championships

First held in 1976, this regatta is for those too old for the Junior Championships but who do not turn 23 by the end of the current calendar year (categorised as Senior B by FISA). The event was originally named the Nations Cup and opposed by FISA. In 2002 the name was changed to the World Rowing U23 Regatta and further changed to World Rowing U23 Championships in 2005.

  • History of the World U23 Rowing Regatta (http://web.archive.org/web/20021124010551/http://www.canottaggiovero.com/Archivio/Genova+2002+Nations+Cup/Speciale+Mondial+Remo+2002/Story+of+World+U23+Rowing+Regatta.htm)

World Rowing Masters Regatta

For rowers over the age of 27. There are also events for mixed crews - where half the crew is men and half women (excluding cox).

World Rowing Sprints

A new idea introduced in 2002 as an attempt to bring rowing to the centre of cities. The first (and only) event took place on the Serpentine Lake in Hyde Park, London and was sponsored by Mercedes-Benz. Crews from Great Britain, United States, Germany, and The Netherlands took part in the 500 m race. Famous rowing champions raced, including Matthew Pinsent, James Cracknell, and Marcel Hacker.

Each team was made up of 13 rowers (5 women, 7 men, and a cox). Events were held in Women's Single Sculls, Men's Single Sculls, Women's Double Sculls, Men's Pairs, Women's Pairs and Men's Fours. These crews then combined to form Mixed Quad Sculls and Eights.

Great Britain were the eventual winners and crowned the Mercedes-Benz Sprints Champions.

External link

fr:Fédération internationale des sociétés d'aviron

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