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Irish cabinets since 1919

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Republic of Ireland (and predecessor states)

The executive branch of the modern Republic of Ireland is known as the 'Government'. However, since 1919, cabinets have functioned in the southern twenty-six counties of Ireland under two other names: the 'Aireacht' (or Ministry) of the 1919-1922 Irish Republic, and the 'Executive Council' of the 1922-1937 Irish Free State. There also briefly existed, immediately before the creation of the Irish Free State, an interim cabinet called the 'Provisional Government'. The Ministry and the Provisional Government functioned in parallel for a number of months in 1922.

Cabinet State Prime minister Deputy PM Constitution Date
Aireacht (or Ministry) Irish Republic Priomh Aire1 n/a Dáil Constitution 1919-Dec. 1922
Provisional Government n/a Chairman n/a (Interim) Jan-Dec. 1922
Executive Council Irish Free State President Vice President Constitution of the Irish Free State Dec. 1922-1937
Government Éire/Republic of Ireland Taoiseach Tánaiste Constitution of Ireland 1937-present


Dáil Election/Formed Cabinet Members PM Deputy PM Parties
1st 1918 election 1st Ministry TDs Cathal Brugha n/a Sinn Féin
1919 2nd Ministry " Eamon de Valera n/a Sinn Féin
2nd 1921 election 3rd Ministry TDs " n/a Sinn Féin
1922 (Jan) 4th Ministry2 " Arthur Griffith n/a Sinn Féin (pro-Treaty wing)
1922 election 1st Provisional Government2 " Michael Collins n/a Sinn Féin (pro-Treaty wing)
3rd 1922 (Aug) 2nd Provisional Government TDs W.T. Cosgrave n/a Sinn Féin (pro-Treaty wing)
1922 (Dec) 1st Executive Council " " Kevin O'Higgins Sinn Féin (pro-Treaty wing)
4th 1923 election 2nd Executive Council TDs " " Cumann na nGaedheal
5th 1927 (Jun) election 3rd Executive Council TDs " " Cumann na nGaedheal
6th 1927 (Sept) election 4th Executive Council TDs " Ernest Blythe Cumann na nGaedheal
1932 5th Executive Council " " " Cumann na nGaedheal
7th 1932 election 6th Executive Council TDs Eamon de Valera Seán T. O'Kelly Fianna Fáil
8th 1933 election 7th Executive Council TDs " " Fianna Fáil
9th 1937 election 1st Government TDs " " Fianna Fáil
10th 1938 election 2nd Government TDs " " Fianna Fáil
11th 1943 election 3nd Government TDs " " Fianna Fáil
12th 1944 election 4th Government TDs " " Fianna Fáil
13th 1948 election 5th Government TDs John A. Costello William Norton Fine Gael, Labour,
Clann na Poblachta
14th 1951 election 6th Government TDs Eamon de Valera Sean Lemass Fianna Fáil
15th 1954 election 7th Government TDs John A. Costello William Norton Fine Gael, Labour
16th 1957 election 8th Government TDs Eamon de Valera Sean Lemass Fianna Fáil
1959 9th Government " Sean Lemass Seán MacEntee Fianna Fáil
17th 1961 election 10th Government TDs " " Fianna Fáil
18th 1965 election 11th Government TDs " Frank Aiken Fianna Fáil
1966 12th Government " Jack Lynch " Fianna Fáil
19th 1969 election 13th Government TDs " Erskine H. Childers Fianna Fáil
20th 1973 election 14th Government TDs Liam Cosgrave Brendan Corish Fine Gael, Labour
21st 1977 election 15th Government TDs Jack Lynch George Colley Fianna Fáil
1979 16th Government " Charles J. Haughey " Fianna Fáil
22nd 1981 election 17th Government TDs Garret FitzGerald Michael O'Leary Fine Gael, Labour
23rd 1982 (Feb) election 18th Government TDs Charles J. Haughey Ray MacSharry Fianna Fáil
24th 1982 (Nov) election 19th Government TDs Garret FitzGerald Dick Spring Fine Gael, Labour
25th 1987 election 20th Government TDs Charles J. Haughey Brian Lenihan Fianna Fáil
26th 1989 election 21st Government TDs " " Fianna Fáil, Progressive Democrats
1992 22nd Government " Albert Reynolds John P. Wilson Fianna Fáil, Progressive Democrats
27th 1992 election 23rd Government TDs " Dick Spring Fianna Fáil, Labour
1994 24th Government " John Bruton " Fine Gael, Labour
28th 1997 election 25th Government TDs Bertie Ahern Mary Harney Fianna Fáil, Progressive Democrats
29th 2002 election 26th Government TDs " " Fianna Fáil, Progressive Democrats

Northern Ireland

The most recent devolved cabinet in Northern Ireland is the Northern Ireland Executive, established under the Belfast Agreement. The Executive has been in operation, intermittently, since 1999, but is currently in suspension. Since 1921, Northern Ireland has been governed by the following devolved cabinets:

Footnotes

  1. The titles Priomh Áire, President of Dáil Éireann and President of the Irish Republic were all at some point used.
  2. The Second Ministry and First Provisional Government held office simultaneously for many months. The membership of both was merged when the Second Provisional Government came to office in August.

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