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Israeli literature

From Academic Kids

Template:Israelis Israeli literature is the literature of the people or State of Israel.

It is mostly written in Hebrew and the history of Israeli literature is interesting because it is mostly the product of the revival of the Hebrew language as a spoken language in modern times.

Since the middle of the nineteenth century, the Hebrew language was increasingly used for speaking as well as writing modern forms of prose, poetry and drama.

Contents

History

The selection of authors mentioned here is according to the articles under References below. Quoted text is from the 2003 article except where indicated otherwise.

The first Modern Hebrew prose in the Land of Israel was written by "immigrant authors", for example:

The 1940s and 1950s

During the 1940s and 1950s: "the War of Independence Generation". Native-born writers were conflicted "between individualism and commitment to society and state"; characterized by "social realism".

The 1960s

During the early 1960s: "Very influential" writers followed less "ideological patterns", and wrote more about the individual; "psychological realism, allegory and symbolism"; "speculation and skepticism regarding... conventions".

The 1980s and 1990s

During the 1980s and 1990s: "Intense literary activity", aimed at "enabling readers to understand themselves", characterized "three generations" of authors, including Oz, Yehoshua, Kaniuk, as well as:

About the Holocaust

The Holocaust was put in fresh perspective by Appelfeld and Grossman, as well as (among others):

New themes

New themes arose:

Women authors

Women authors became more prominent on "general topics", as well as women's role within "Jewish tradition and... in the Zionist enterprise":

Detective fiction

Some of the above women (Lapid and Gur) began writing detective fiction, as well as the following men and women:

The younger generation

A "younger generation" of authors that is "more universalistic", "alienated, surreal and idiosyncratic":

Some postmodernist writers:

Late 1990s

A new front of young authors active in the late 1990's and new millennium (see also [1] (http://www.haaretz.co.il/hasite/pages/ShArtPE.jhtml?itemNo=436982&contrassID=2))

Authors of childrens' books

Writing for children:

References

  • Furstenberg, Rochelle. "The State of the Arts: Israeli Literature." Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1998. [2] (http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/2000_2009/2000/2/Israeli%20Literature%201995-1998),
  • Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, "CULTURE- Literature", 2003. [3] (http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Facts%20About%20Israel/Culture/CULTURE-%20Literature)
  • Weill, Asher. "Culture in Israel- On the Cusp of the Millennium." Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2000. [4] (http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/2000_2009/2000/6/Culture%20in%20Israel-%20On%20the%20Cusp%20of%20the%20Millennium).

See also

it:Letteratura israeliana ja:イスラエル文学 pl:Literatura hebrajska

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