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Jean Nicot

From Academic Kids

Jean Nicot (1530 - 1600) was a French diplomat and scholar.

Born in Nîmes, in the south of France, he was French ambassador in Lisbon, Portugal from 1559 to 1561.

Jean Nicot was 29 years old in 1559 when he was sent from France to Portugal to negotiate the marriage of six-year-old Princess Marguirte de Valois to five-year-old King Sebastian of Portugal.

When Nicot returned, he brought tobacco plants. The queen mother, Catherine de Medici, became an instant tobacco convert.

The plant was also an instant success with the Father Superior of Malta, who shared tobacco with all of his monks.

More and more of the fashionable people of Paris began to use the plant, making Nicot a celebrity.

At first, the plant was called Nicotina. But nicotine later came to refer only to the active ingredient of the plant

In 1560, he introduced tobacco in the form of snuff to the French court. The tobacco plant, Nicotiana, also a flowering garden plant, is named after him, as is nicotine.

Jean Nicot also compiled one of the first French dictionaries Thresor de la langue françoyse tant ancienne que moderne (published in 1606).

External links

es:Jean Nicot fr:Jean Nicot nl:Jean Nicot pl:Jean Nicot pt:Jean Nicot sv:Jean Nicot

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